Go set a Watchman, released worldwide this week, was initially depicted as a long-lost second novel by Harper Lee. However reports leading up to its publication have made clear that Watchman is an ext accurately viewed as the early an initial draft of Lee’s standard work, To kill a Mockingbird, which winner the Pulitzer Prize because that its depiction of racism in the deep south of the joined States throughout the great Depression.

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As it transforms out, many passages deserve to be found in both of the books, almost word-for-word.

Watchman takes ar two decades after Mockingbird, featuring numerous of the exact same characters however a various narrator and some starkly divergent themes. Many notably, Atticus Finch, the moral hero the Mockingbird, turns out to it is in an unapologetic racist in Watchman. Lee handed in the manuscript that Watchman in 1957; her editor, Tay Hohoff, explained it as “more a series of anecdotes than a completely conceived novel,” guiding a wholesale review of the novel right into Mockingbird, i m sorry was published in 1960. It’s not clear the Lee, currently 89 and also ailing, ever intended to publish Watchman as a different book.


But currently that both messages are easily accessible to the public, us can get a better sense that what they share beyond characters and provenance. Our evaluation identifies countless passages in Watchman that endured the transformation into Mockingbird, both revised and practically untouched. The commonalities help illuminate the relationship in between the 2 books, which will surely be studied for decades to come. Here are simply a few, with almost identical phrasings in bold:

How the town got its name

Lee relates the story of just how the fictional town of Maycomb, where both books take place, gained its name. It appears in the very first chapter of Watchman, though not till much later in Mockingbird.


The county and also the city were named for a Colonel Mason Maycomb, a man whose misplaced self-confidence and overweening willfulness brought confusion and confoundment to all who rode with him in the Creek Indian Wars.


Andrew Jackson appointed him come a place of authority, and also Colonel Maycomb’s misplaced self-confidence and slender feeling of direction brought catastrophe to all that rode through him in the Creek Indian Wars.


Aunt Alexandra’s corsets

Jean Louise Finch, more recognizable as “Scout,” wonders around the corsets she sees her Aunt Alexandra wearing. Lee describes the effect they have actually on Alexandra’s figure. In Watchman, an omniscient narrator conveys Scout’s perspective, but Mockingbird is composed in she voice.


Jean Louise had frequently wondered, yet never asked, whereby she obtained her corsets. They drew up her bosom to giddy heights, pinched in she waist, flared out her rear, and managed to suggest that Alexandra’s had once been an hourglass figure.


I guess: v it was  Sunday corset. She was not fat, but solid, and also she decided protective clothing that drew up her bosom to giddy heights, pinched in she waist, flared out her rear, and also managed to suggest that Aunt Alexandra’s was as soon as an hour-glass figure. From any angle, it was formidable.


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The novels the Harper Lee.

The strange confidence of Aunt Alexandra

Though the perspectives the the two books are different, part passages remain specifically the same. Right here the narrator—a third-person observer in Watchman and also Scout in Mockingbird—describes Aunt Alexandra’s old-fashioned sensibilities. Between the litany of explanation “she was a disapprover” becomes “she was born in the target case.”


To every parties present and also participating in the life of the county, however, Alexandra was the last of her kind: she had actually river-boat, boarding-school manners; let any type of moral come along and also she would certainly uphold it; she was a disapprover; she was an incurable gossip. When Alexandra checked out finishing school, self-doubt can not be discovered in any textbook, therefore she knew no its meaning; she was never ever bored, and given the slightest possibility she would exercise her imperial prerogative: she would arrange, advise, caution, and also warn.


To every parties present and also participating in the life that the county, Aunt Alexandra was among the last of her kind: she had actually river-boat, boarding-school manners; let any kind of moral come along and also she would uphold it; she was born in the target case; she was an incurable gossip. Once Aunt Alexandra checked out school, self-doubt might not be uncovered in any textbook, therefore she knew no its meaning. She was never ever bored, and also given the slightest possibility she would certainly exercise her imperial prerogative: she would certainly arrange, advise, caution, and warn.


Coningham v. Cunningham

Both books also contain a charming anecdote around a dispute between the Coninghams and also the Cunninghams. Mockingbird drops the word “jape,” which way to jest but had fallen out of usage at the time.


…there to be a neighborhood called Old Sarum lived in by two families, separate and apart in the beginning, but unfortunately bearing the same name. The Cunninghams and also the Coninghams married each other until the spelling of the names was academic—­academic unless a Cunningham wished to jape v a Coningham over land titles and took to the law. During a controversy of this character, Jeems Cunningham testified the his mom spelled it Cunningham periodically on deeds and things however she was really a Coningham, she to be an uncertain speller, and she was given to looking far away periodically when she satellite on the front porch. ~ nine hours of listening to the vagaries of Old Sarum’s inhabitants, judge Taylor threw the case out that court top top grounds of frivolous pleading and declared he hoped to God the litigants were satisfied by each having had his windy say. Lock were. That was all they had actually wanted in the first place.


Old Sarum, their stamping grounds, was lived in by two families separate and also apart in the beginning, however unfortunately bearing the very same name. The Cunninghams married the Coninghams until the spelling of the names to be academic- scholastic until a Cunningham debated a Coningham end land titles and also took to the law. The only time Jean Louise ever before saw referee Taylor in ~ a dead standstill in open court was throughout a conflict of this kind. Jeems Cunningham testified that his mother spelled the Cunningham ~ above deeds and also things, yet she was yes, really a Coningham, she was an unsure speller, a hardly ever reader, and was offered to looking far away periodically when she satellite on the front gallery in the evening. After nine hours of listening to the eccentricities of Old Sarum’s inhabitants, referee Taylor threw the case out that court. When asked ~ above what grounds, judge Taylor said, “Champertous connivance,” and declared he hope to God the litigants to be satisfied by each having had their public say. They were. That was every they had wanted in the very first place.


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Harper Lee in 1963.

Mapping Maycomb

Many that the passages we determined give background top top the characters and also the world approximately them. We’ve watched the beginning of the town’s name above. Here, Lee relates how townspeople tried come map Maycomb. First, the governor tries to uncover the center suggest of the town…


Governor william Wyatt Bibb, v a view to cultivating the domestic tranquillity that the brand-new county, sent out a team the surveyors to locate its specific center and also there establish its chair of government: had actually not Sinkfield made a bold punch to keep his holdings, Maycomb would have actually sat in the middle of Winston Swamp, a place completely devoid of interest.


Business was excellent when Governor william Wyatt Bibb, v a check out to cultivating the newly created county’s domestic tranquility, dispatched a team the surveyors to situate its specific center and also there establish its seat of government.


Instead, Maycomb grew and sprawled the end from its hub, Sinkfield’s Tavern, due to the fact that Sinkfield do the surveyors drunk one evening, induced them to bring forward their maps and charts, lop off a tiny here, add a bit there, and change the facility of the ar to meet his requirements. He sent out them pack the next day equipped with your charts and also five quarts of shinny in your saddlebags—­two apiece and also one because that the Governor.


Instead, Maycomb grew and sprawled out from the hub, Sinkfield’s Tavern, due to the fact that Sinkfield diminished his guest to myopic drunkenness one evening, induced lock to lug forward your maps and also charts, lop off a little here, include a bit there, and change the center of the ar to fulfill his requirements. He sent out them packing following day armed with your charts and also five quarts the shinny in their saddlebags-two apiece and also one for the Governor.


…and it might not have finished up in the right spot after ~ all. Interestingly, Watchman describes the town’s location in regards to travel indigenous the south, whereas Mockingbird measures from the north.

Go collection a Watchman, chapter 4:


Jean Louise can never comprise her mind whether Sinkfield’s maneuver was wise; he put the young city twenty miles far from the just kind that public transportation in those days—­river-boat—and it took a man from the south finish of the county two days to journey to Maycomb for store-bought goods. Consequently, the town continued to be the same size because that over 150 years.


But the ultimate wisdom that Sinkfield’s exercise is open up to question. He put the young town too much away from the only kind the public transport in those days—river-boat—and it take it a guy from the north end of the county 2 days to travel to Maycomb because that store-bought goods. as a result the town continued to be the very same size for a hundred years, an island in a patchwork sea the cottonfields and also timberland.


“Two-rut road”

Here the narrator explains Finch’s Landing, an old nation house where, in Mockingbird, Atticus’s sister lives with her husband, and also where Scout has run-ins through her prolonged family.

Go set a Watchman, thing 5:


One approached that by means of a great clearing some 3 hundred yards large extending from the bluff’s edge earlier into the woods. A two-rut roadway ran from the far finish of the clearing and vanished amongst dark trees. At the end of the roadway was a two-storied white house with porches extending roughly its four sides, upstairs and also downstairs.


Farther under stream, past the bluff, to be traces of one old cotton landing, where Finch Negroes had loaded bales and produce, unloaded block of ice, flour and also sugar, farm equipment, and feminine apparel. A two-rut roadway ran from the riverside and also vanished among dark trees. At the finish of the roadway was a two-storied white home with porches circling the upstairs and downstairs.

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This is simply a sample of the similarities in between the 2 books. To discover these overlapping passages, us broke Watchman into chunks that words, and searched the whole text of Mockingbird for those same chunks, enabling for slight variations in spelling and phrasings. We established several the haven’t been consisted of above, and there room likely countless passages with much more subtle differences: whereby words and also tenses differ but the definition of the text is roughly the same.