The speaker’s gender is never ever specified in the poem. However, one might consider Elizabeth Barrett Browning to be the speaker, together she dedicated this poem to she husband. The speaker muses out loud around her love for someone and also then, throughout the sonnet, list the ways in i m sorry she loves him. She addresses this human being directly.

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The sonnet adheres to the Italian kind as created by Petrarch. It consists of 14 lines: one octet (eight lines) complied with by a sestet (six lines). The poem adheres to a classic rhyme system for this kind of sonnet: ABBAABBACDCDCD. It contains end rhymes and also follows iambic pentameter, complying with a herbal rhythmic pattern.

“I love thee freely, as guys strive because that right” (simile) – Using the word “as” to establish the simile, the speaker compares the way in i beg your pardon she loves she husband come the way in i beg your pardon mankind strives come do good in the world. Her love is together freely and also spontaneously given as the dedication of guys who effort to accomplish an excellent things for humanity.

“I love thee purely, as they rotate from praise” (simile) – Using words “as” to establish the simile, the speak compares the pure and also humble nature of she love come the humility that decent guys exhibit. Just as decent human beings commit great deeds there is no expecting prayer in return, she loves completely without expectation of reward,.

“By sun and also candle-light” (metaphor) – The mention of sun and also candle-light serves as a metaphor for the passage of time and the course of one’s life. The speaker’s love fills her days and keeps she going v life.

“I love thee to the depth and breadth and also height/ my soul deserve to reach” (metaphor) – The speak attempts to quantify her love by measuring the physical room it bring away up. Together love is an abstract concept which cannot be measured, the recommendations to these measurements are intended metaphorically to convey the immensity of her love.

“I love thee” (alliteration) – The phrase is technically repeated throughout the poem. However, lines 7 through nine all begin with this phrase, emphasizing the sincerity of the speaker.

“I love thee through a love I appeared to lose” (alliteration) –The repeat of the “l” consonant rolls turn off the tongue and also creates a soft and also somber tone.

“I love thee come the depth and also breadth” (assonance) — The repeat of the brief “e” sound in “depth” and also “breadth” produces a rhyme and also gives the speaker a matter-of-fact tone. She confidently steps the immensity of her love.

“I love thee freely, as males strive for right” (assonance and also alliteration) – The indigenous “thee” and “freely” both contain a lengthy “e” sound that provides the speak a confident, liberated tone. The lengthy “I” sound contained in “strive” and “right” creates a hefty sound, saying the plight of civilization who work hard to make things best for humanity.

In lines nine through twelve, the speaker explains how she once had actually to shot hard to conquer the disappointments of she past. Now, she is convert that an effective energy into something positive, transforming the sore of the past into the pleasure of the present. Similarly, she once thought she had lost the love she felt because that the “saints” in she life. Now, she realizes the she is simply as capable of love strongly as before. This time, she has channeled she love for she husband.

The tone is romantic and also confident in ~ the outset. The speaker is details of she love and wishes come analyze every one of its nuances. However, the tone transforms somber and also humble as soon as she mentions the grievances of her past. The speaker has actually suffered disappointments that may or may not need to do v her religious faith. Regardless of these setbacks, however, her belief has been restored by she love for she husband. The whole poem is a contemplation of her life’s experiences and the ways in which they have shaped her knowledge of her love.

The speaker is the protagonist, describing she love for her husband. The antagonist might be taken into consideration fate or also God—forces that may difficulty her ability to love as soon as she is gone. While she love is powerful, only God can select whether she will have the ability to love in the afterlife.

The speaker has suffered spiritual disappointments in the previous that when threatened come diminish her capacity to love. Furthermore, she wonders if God will select to let she love she husband even an ext once she has actually left this world.

The orgasm occurs in line nine, at the start of the final sestet. The ton shifts come a religious one, as the speaker digs deeper right into her heart to reveal all the means in which she love outshines the ache of her past. Her love for she husband is exalted come the allude of religious adoration, together he seems to replace the “lost saints” she when revered before.

The last 2 lines foreshadow the speaker’s ultimate death. She acknowledges that one day she will certainly be gone, and also she expresses hope the she will be able to love she husband even much more after her passing.


No instances of understatement.


The speaker alludes to religion and spirituality throughout the poem. She believes her love can expand to the depth of her soul, even when she is no longer supported by the elegant of God. She love for her husband is as intense as what she as soon as felt for the shed “saints” of her life. Lastly, she mentions God by name; she proclaims the she will love her husband even an ext when she is unable to do if God choose to permit her carry out so.

“Depth and also breadth and also height” (metonymy) – The measurements defined represent the vastness that the speaker’s love. Love is provided a physical presence, and also the speaker attempts to measure up it as a method of reflecting how an excellent it is.

“My soul can reach”— In a way, the soul is personified as a human being who reaches out, just as the speak attempts come “show” through dimensions the very vastness of her love.

“Depth and breadth and height” – The speaker’s love is illustrated as larger than life or together an actual physical mass capable of being measured.

“I love thee v a love I seemed to lose/With my shed saints” – The speak exalts her lover by to compare him to saints or people capable of being together pure and also perfect as saints.

“I love thee through the breath,/Smiles, tears, of all my life” – The speaker explains her love as a deeply physical experience, as if this affection is included within every breath and movement she makes.

“I shall but love thee better after death” – The speak believes she is capable of loving her husband even an ext strongly after she is gone.

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Sonnet 43 (How perform I love thee? let me counting the ways.) Questions and Answers

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