Tin

facet 50 of periodic table is Tin v atomic number 50, atomic weight 118.71. Tin, prize Sn, has a centered Tetragonal structure and Silver color. Tin is a post-transition metal element. Trivial name of tin is tetrels, crystallogens. Understand everything about Tin Facts, physical Properties, chemistry Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.


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Tin is a chemical element with the symbol Sn (for Latin:stannum) and atomic number 50. It is a main group metal in team 14 the the routine table. Tin mirrors a chemistry similarity to both neighboring group-14 elements, germanium and lead, and also has two feasible oxidation states, +2 and also the slightly more stable +4.

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Tin Facts

Read crucial information and facts about element Tin

surname Tin
atomic Number 50
atom Symbol Sn
Atomic load 118.71
phase Solid
color Silver
Classification post-transition metal
group in regular Table 14
Group Name carbon family members
period in regular Table 5
Block in routine Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 4d10 5s2 5p2
Melting point 231.93 °C
Boiling allude 2602 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 8, 18, 18, 4>
CAS Number CAS7440-31-5

neighborhood
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

explore our interactive routine table


How to situate Tin on routine Table

Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus i beg your pardon is exact same as variety of electrons. The atom number rises from left to right. Routine table beginning at peak left ( atomic number 1) and ends in ~ bottom ideal (atomic number 118). Thus you can directly look because that atomic number 50 to uncover Tin on periodic table.

Another method to read regular table and also locate an aspect is through using group number (column) and duration number (row). To find Tin on periodic table look for cross ar of group 14 and period 5 in the modern-day periodic table.

check out Interactive regular Table to Understand and Learn Cool patterns

Table that Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbital Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Databases
Compare believe with various other elements

Tin History

The facet Tin was found by unknown in year 3000 BC in unknown place . Tin derived its surname from English indigenous (stannum in Latin)

Tin Presence: diversity in Nature and Around Us

The table below shows the variety of believe in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.

Ppb by load (1ppb =10^-7 %)
variety in cosmos 4×10-7%
diversity in sunlight 9×10-7%
abundance in Meteorites 1.2e-06
Abundance in Earth"s late 2.2e-06
variety in oceans 1×10-9%
abundance in human beings 2e-07

Crystal structure of Tin

The solid state framework of tin is Centered Tetragonal.

The decision structure can be explained in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats itself in 3 dimensional an are to type the structure.

Unit cell Parameters

The unit cabinet is stood for in terms of its lattice parameters, which space the lengths of the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
583.18 583.18 318.19 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and also gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The location of the atoms inside the unit cabinet are explained by the set of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured from a referral lattice point.

The symmetry properties of the crystal are explained by the concept of space groups. All feasible symmetric kinds of particles in three-dimensional an are are described by the 230 an are groups (219 unique types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.

space Group name I41/amd
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space Group Number 141
Crystal framework Centered Tetragonal

Tin Atomic and Orbital Properties

Tin atoms have 50 electrons and also the digital shell structure is <2, 8, 18, 18, 4> v Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P0.


atomic Number 50
Number of electrons (with no charge) 50
Number that Protons 50
Mass Number 119
Number of Neutrons 69
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level) <2, 8, 18, 18, 4>
Electron construction 4d10 5s2 5p2
Valence Electrons 5s2 5p2
Oxidation State -4;-3;-2;-1 1;2;3;4
Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P0

Shell structure of believe - electrons per energy level


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Ground State electronic Configuration of tin - neutral tin atom

The floor state digital configuration of Neutral believe atom is 4d10 5s2 5p2. The section of tin configuration the is identical to the noble gas that the preceding period, is abbreviated as . Because that atoms with plenty of electrons, this notation have the right to become prolonged and for this reason an abbreviation notation is used.This is important as the is the Valence electrons 4d10 5s2 5p2, electron in the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties that the element.

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Unabbreviated digital configuration the neutral believe

Complete floor state digital configuration for the believe atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p2

Atomic structure of Tin

Tin atomic radius is 145 pm, while it"s covalent radius is 141 pm.

atom Radius

145 pm (1.45 Å)

Atomic Volume 16.2393980848 cm3
Covalent Radius 141 pm (1.41 Å)
van der Waals Radius 217 pm
neutron Cross ar 0.63 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum that Tin

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Tin chemical Properties: believe Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity of believe is 107.3 kJ/mol

Valence 4
Electronegativity 1.96
ElectronAffinity 107.3 kJ/mol

Ionization power of believe

Refer to table listed below for Ionization energies that Tin

Ionization energy number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 708.6
2 1411.8
3 2943
4 3930.3
5 7456

Tin physical Properties

Refer to below table because that Tin physical Properties

thickness 7.31 g/cm3
Molar Volume 16.2393980848 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 50 GPa
Shear Modulus 18 GPa
mass Modulus 58 GPa
Poisson proportion 0.36

Hardness of believe - test to measure of Hardness of Element

Mohs Hardness 1.5 MPa
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness 51 MPa

Tin electric Properties

believe is Conductor the electricity. Describe table below for the electric properties of believe

electrical Conductivity 9.1×106 S/m
Resistivity 1.1×10-7 m Ω
Superconducting allude 3.72

Tin Heat and Conduction Properties

heat Conductivity 67 W/(m K)
Thermal development 0.000022 K-1

Tin Magnetic Properties

Magnetic type Diamagnetic
Curie allude N/A
mass Magnetic Susceptibility -3.1×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -3.68×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -2.27e-05

Optical properties of Tin

Refractive table of contents N/A

Acoustic nature of Tin

speed of Sound 2.5×103 m/s

Tin thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Refer to table below for thermal properties that Tin

Melting point 505.08 K (231.93 °C)
Boiling allude 2875 K (2602 °C)
critical Temperature N/A
Superconducting allude 3.72

Enthalpies the Tin

warmth of combination 7 kJ/mol
warm of Vaporization 290 kJ/mol
heat of combustion "N/A", "N/A" J/(kg K)

Tin isotope - atom Properties of believe

Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally arising Tin has actually 10 secure isotope - 112Sn, 114Sn, 115Sn, 116Sn, 117Sn, 118Sn, 119Sn, 120Sn, 122Sn, 124Sn.


Isotope Isotope massive % variety T fifty percent Decay mode
99Sn
100Sn
101Sn
102Sn
103Sn
104Sn
105Sn
106Sn
107Sn
108Sn
109Sn
110Sn
111Sn
112Sn 0.97% steady N/A
113Sn
114Sn 0.66% steady N/A
115Sn 0.34% steady N/A
116Sn 14.54% secure N/A
117Sn 7.68% secure N/A
118Sn 24.22% stable N/A
119Sn 8.59% steady N/A
120Sn 32.58% steady N/A
121Sn
122Sn 4.63% steady N/A
123Sn
124Sn 5.79% steady N/A
125Sn
126Sn
127Sn
128Sn
129Sn
130Sn
131Sn
132Sn
133Sn
134Sn
135Sn
136Sn
137Sn

Regulatory and also Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7440-31-5
RTECS Number N/A, RTECSXP7320000
period Hazard class N/A, N/A
period Numbers "N/A", "N/A"
EU Number N/A, N/A
NFPA Fire Rating N/A, 3
NFPA dangers N/ A, N/ A
NFPA health and wellness Rating N/A, 1
NFPA Reactivity Rating N/A, 3
Autoignition suggest N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

list of distinct identifiers to search the facet in miscellaneous chemical registry databases

Database identifier number
CAS Number - chemical Abstracts company (CAS) CAS7440-31-5
CID Number CID5352426, CID5352426
Gmelin Number N/A, N/A
NSC Number N/A, N/A
RTECS Number N/A, RTECSXP7320000

Compare Tin v all Group 14 elements

believe vs Carbon believe vs Silicon tin vs Germanium tin vs lead Tin vs Flerovium

Compare Tin with all post-transition metal elements

believe vs Aluminium tin vs Gallium believe vs Indium tin vs Thallium tin vs command Tin vs Bismuth tin vs Nihonium believe vs Flerovium believe vs Moscovium tin vs Livermorium