Working with files

Understanding how to work-related with files and also folders is crucial part of making use of your computer. When you understand just how files and also folder work, you'll usage them every the time. In this lesson, we'll present you the absolute basics the working v files, including exactly how to open files, move your papers into folders, and delete files.

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Watch the video below to learn more about making use of files and also folders in Windows.

What is a file?

There are countless different types of files you deserve to use. For example, Microsoft native documents, digital photos, digital music, and also digital videos are all types of files. You can even think that a record as a digital version that a real-world thing you can interact with on her computer. Once you use different applications, you'll frequently be viewing, creating, or editing files.

Files space usually stood for by one icon. In the image below, you can see a couple of different species of files below the Recycle Bin on the desktop.


What is a folder?

Windows provides folders to assist you theorem files. You have the right to put records inside a folder, similar to you would certainly put files inside a actual folder. In the picture below, you can see part folders ~ above the desktop.


File Explorer

You can view and organize files and folders using a built-in application well-known as File Explorer (called Windows Explorer in windows 7 and also earlier versions).

To open document Explorer, click the File Explorer symbol on the taskbar, or double-click any folder on your desktop. A new document Explorer home window will appear. Currently you're ready to start working through your files and folders.


From document Explorer, double-click a folder to open it. You can then see every one of the documents stored in that folder.


Notice the you can likewise see the location of a folder in the address bar near the top of the window.


To open up a file:

There space two main ways to open a file:

Find the paper on her computer and double-click it. This will open up the record in that default application. In our example, we'll open a Microsoft Word file (Cover Letter.docx), i beg your pardon will open up in Microsoft Word.
Open the application, then usage the application to open up the file. Once the application is open, you deserve to go to the File food selection at the optimal of the home window and select Open.

Moving and also deleting files

As you begin using your computer, you will begin to collect more and more files, which can make the more difficult to find the records you need. Fortunately, Windows enables you come move files to various folders and also delete files girlfriend no longer use.

To relocate a file:

It's simple to move a record from one ar to another. Because that example, you can have a document on the desktop the you want to relocate to your Documents folder.

Click and also drag the document to the desired location.
Release the mouse. The document will appear in the brand-new location. In this example, we have actually opened the folder to check out the paper in its brand-new location.

You have the right to use this same method to move whole folder. Note that relocating a folder will likewise move all of the documents within that folder.

To create a brand-new folder:Within record Explorer, locate and also select the New folder button. You can also right-click where you want the folder come appear, then select New > Folder.
The brand-new folder will appear. Kind the preferred name because that the folder and press Enter. In our example, we'll contact it School Documents.
The brand-new folder will certainly be created. You can now move records into this folder.To rename a document or folder:

You can readjust the surname of any record or folder. A unique name will make it easier to remember what form of information is conserved in the paper or folder.

Click the paper or folder, wait about one second, and also click again. One editable text field will appear.Type the desired name on her keyboard and also press Enter. The name will be changed.
To delete a paper or folder:

If girlfriend no longer need to usage a file, you deserve to delete it. Once you delete a file, the is relocated to the Recycle Bin. If you adjust your mind, you deserve to move the record from the Recycle Bin ago to its initial location. If you're sure you desire to permanently delete the file, friend will must empty the Recycle Bin.

Click and drag the paper to the Recycle Bin symbol on the desktop. You can additionally click the record to choose it and press the Delete an essential on your keyboard.
To permanently delete the file, right-click the Recycle Bin icon and select Empty Recycle Bin. All papers in the Recycle Bin will certainly be permanently deleted.

Note the deleting a folder will additionally delete every one of the documents within that folder.

Selecting lot of files

Now the you understand the basics, here are a few tips to aid you move your documents even faster.

Selecting an ext than one file

There space a couple of ways to select more 보다 one document at a time:

If you're the town hall your papers as icons, you can click and also drag the mouse to draw a box roughly the documents you want to select. When you're done, relax the mouse; the records will it is in selected. You can now move, copy, or delete all of these files at the exact same time.
To select specific files native a folder, press and also hold the Control crucial on your keyboard, then click the records you desire to select.
To choose a group the files native a folder, click the an initial file, press and also hold the Shift key on her keyboard, then click the last file. Every one of the files in between the an initial and critical ones will certainly be selected.
Selecting every files

If you desire to pick all files in a folder at the very same time, open the folder in document Explorer and press Ctrl+A (press and also hold the Control vital on your keyboard, then push A). Every one of the records in the folder will be selected.

Ctrl+A is an instance of a keyboard shortcut. We'll talk much more about these in our lesson on keyboard Shortcuts in Windows.

If working with files and folders feel a tiny tricky ideal now, don't worry! like anything else, working with files and also folders is mainly a matter of practice. You'll start to feel much more comfortable together you proceed using your computer. In the next lesson, we'll talk around another important concept: how to find files on your computer that you can't easily locate.


If you have a paper or folder you usage frequently, you deserve to save time by developing a shortcut on the desktop. Rather of navigating come the file or folder each time you want to usage it, you have the right to simply double-click the faster way to open up it. A faster way will have a tiny arrow in the lower-left corner of the icon.

Note that creating a shortcut does not produce a duplicate copy the the folder; it's simply a way to access the folder an ext quickly. If friend delete a shortcut, it will certainly not delete the actual folder or the documents it contains. Additionally note the copying a faster way onto a flash drive will not work; if you desire to bring a file with you, you'll must navigate to the actual place of the file and copy it to the speed drive.

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To create a shortcut:Locate and right-click the wanted folder, then choose Send to desktop computer (create shortcut).

A shortcut to the folder will show up on the desktop. An alert the arrow in the lower-left edge of the icon. You deserve to now double-click the shortcut to open the folder at any time.

You can additionally hold the Alt an essential on your keyboard, then click and drag the folder to the desktop to produce a shortcut.