IntroductionThe large Tibetan Plateau, the "roof of the world", spans a huge area i beg your pardon goes past the political boundaries of the Chinese autonomous region of Tibet (Xizang), since it also includes lot of the adjoining Qinghai Province, i beg your pardon lies come the east. This area has a reasonably uniform climate: freezing and also windy yet dry in winter and mild come cool in summer, with significant variations between night and day due to the strong solar radiation that is typical of high altitudes. The north is a bit cooler than the south, yet the temperature varies mainly with altitude; the only far-ranging difference in between the locations is that the eastern component is influenced by the summer monsoon, so the receives a little of rainfall (sometimes even abundant) in summer. Lhasa, the capital, is situated in the eastern part of the province, while the central and western parts of Tibet space virtually uninhabited, because they room desert. While the coldest areas of China in winter space the northernmost ones, the coldest region in the other seasons is Tibet because of the high altitude.
LhasaLhasa is located at 3,650 meter (12,000 feet) over sea level: in ~ this altitude, the air includes 68% that the oxygen the is discovered at sea level. In addition, at high altitudes, water boils at reduced temperatures: it boils in ~ 90 °C in ~ 3,000 meters (that is, at 195 °F at 9,800 feet), in ~ 87 °C at 4,000 meters (189 °F in ~ 13,100 feet), and also at 84 °C at 5,000 meters (183 °F at 16,400 feet). In Lhasa, winter nights space freezing cold, and also on chillier nights, the temperature deserve to reach -15 °C (5 °F), yet it virtually always exceeds freeze (0 °C or 32 °F) throughout the day. It have to be remembered the we space at a short latitude (29 degrees north), therefore the sun is quite solid even in winter, which right here is the sunniest season. Being that the wait is dry, the cold is usually bearable, other than when the wind blows: as currently mentioned, Tibet have the right to experience solid winds particularly in winter. In spite of the fact that the winter is dry, sometimes light snowfalls may occur. Summer in Lhasa is mild, rather cold at night, about 10.5/11 °C (51/52 °F), and pleasantly warm during the day: the typical is 23.5 °C (74 °F) in June, but the nearly tropical sun, especially at for this reason high one altitude, is very solid in summer, so that feels warmer in the sun. In the sexy days, the temperature can reach 29/30 °C (84/86 °F) from may to August.Here space the typical temperatures in Lhasa.
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The summer monsoon bring rainfall from June to September; July and August space the rainiest month, through 130/135 mm (5.1/5.3 in) per month top top average. Right here is the median precipitation.
In Lhasa, clear days prevail for lot of the year, if in summer, the sun shines a bit much less often due to the fact that of the monsoon. In summer, mount Everest is regularly covered through clouds as well, so in this season, it is more difficult to spot. Here are the average sunshine hours per day.
The substantial areas the Tibet located at greater altitudes, and especially the ones situated in the north, have a worse climate than the capital. In between 4,000 and also 4,500 meters (13,000 and also 14,800 ft), the temperature often remains listed below freezing every day lengthy in winter, while at night, it normally drops come -20 °C /-25 °C (-13 °F /-4 °F), yet it deserve to sometimes plunge listed below -40 °C (-40 °F), ~ outbreaks that cold waiting from the north. Summer at this altitude is cold in ~ night, v lows around 3/5 °C (37/41 °F), and mild throughout the day, through highs roughly 15/17 °C (59/63 °F). Below are the median temperatures that Nagqu, situated north that Lhasa, at 4,500 meters (14,800 ft) over sea level.
XiningXining, located at 2,260 meter (7,400 feet) above sea level, is the most populous city that the Tibetan Plateau and also the funding of the Qinghai Province. Here, the lower altitude is well balanced out through the greater latitude (the city is located at the north-eastern sheet of the plateau), so much so the winter is cooler than in Lhasa, while summer is a little warmer: the typical temperature varieties from -6.5 °C (20.5 °F) in January to 18 °C (64 °F) in July. Here, 360 mm (14 in) the rain autumn per year, through a best of 80 mm (3.2 in) in August, and very little rain (or fairly snow) native November come March.
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As already mentioned, the western component of Tibet, which is even more arid and also located at really high altitudes, often above 5,000 meter (16,400 ft), is virtually totally uninhabited.