Understanding weather and water problems is an important to boating safely. Friend should constantly check the local weather forecast to obtain current, relevant information before heading out on the water. Operation your vessel there is no prior expertise of potential weather hazards might put your vessel and passengers at risk. Regional forecasts are available from:Local newspaperLocal radioTelevision weather forecastRadiotelephoneweatheroffice.ec.gc.ca
VHF Weather Forecasts
Environment Canada offers marine weather prediction on the following frequencies:
Atlantic coastline and great LakesVHF Channel 21B, 25B and 83B
Pacific coastVHF Channel 21B and Wx1, 2, 3Continuous weather broadcast details is available by telephone at (604) 666-3655 (Vancouver Region)
Personal Weather Observations
In enhancement to checking the weather prior to you head out, you deserve to use personal observations to monitor transforming weather conditions:
The Meteorological company of Canada classifies every wind speed and weather warnings in Canada. The service has determined five category of wind conditions that are defined in terms of their wind speed and the water conditions they create. Wind speed is measure up in knots–1 node is equivalent to 1.85 km/h.
You are watching: What indicates that foul weather is approaching
Light winds have actually a wind speed of much less than 12 knots (22 km/h) and water surface problems that are calm or have waves as much as 1.5 m in height. Light wind conditions are suitable for many vessels and also those operators v a middle level that boating experience.
Moderate winds have a wind speed of 12 come 19 knots (22 to 35 km/h) and water surface conditions that are rough with waves from 1 to 3 m in height. Inexperienced operator or vessels much less than 6 m in size should no operate throughout such conditions.
Operators of small vessels recorded in a middle winds advisory must attempt come cross waves at a 45° angle till sheltered waters are found. Ensure all passengers are wearing approved flotation devices.
Strong Winds and tiny Craft Warnings
Strong winds have actually sustained wind speeds in the selection of 20 to 33 knots (37 to 61 km/h). Water surface problems during a solid winds advisory are very rough with tide 3 to 6 m in height. Atmosphere Canada problems a Small craft Warning when winds reach together levels. That is no safe to operate a pleasure craft under these conditions.
Operators that vessels captured in a strong winds advisory or small craft warning should take immediate activity to ensure your safety. Revolve on all navigation lights and also attempt to cross tide at a 45° angle till sheltered waters room found. Mitigate speed and proceed with caution, maintaining a look-out for approaching boats and also floating debris. If wind and wave conditions make it complicated to proceed, effort to anchor her vessel until the storm subsides. Ensure all passengers space wearing approved flotation devices and also keep passengers low in the boat and also near the centreline.
Gale winds have actually a consistent speed of 34 to 47 knots (63 to 87 km/h). Water surface problems during a Gale Warning are extremely rough with tide 6 come 9 m in height. During such conditions, setting Canada will concern a Gale Warning. It is not safe to run a pleasure handmade under this conditions.
Operators that vessels captured in a Gale Warning advisory should take immediate action to ensure their safety. Turn on all navigation lights and also attempt come cross waves at a 45° angle until sheltered waters room found. Reduce speed and proceed v caution, keeping a look-out for approaching boats and also floating debris. If wind and wave conditions make it challenging to proceed, effort to anchor her vessel till the storm subsides.
Ensure all passengers are wearing approved flotation devices and also keep passengers short in the boat and near the centreline. If your watercraft is acquisition on water, pump out bilges to store the boat high in the water. Usage an authorized distress signal come signal your need for aid if you space unable to do safe passage.
Storm winds have actually a continuous speed of 48 to 63 knots (89 come 117 km/h). Water surface problems during a storm warning are extremely rough with waves over 8 m in height. During such conditions, environment Canada will problem a Storm Warning. That is not safe to operate a pleasure handmade under this conditions.
See more: How Many Are In A Gross (Unit), How Many Units Are There 1 Gross
Operators the vessels caught in storm warning conditions should immediately signal distress and also need of assistance.