You are watching: What domestic and foreign issues concerned voters during the 1952 presidential election
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Date:November 4, 1952 ...(Show more)Participants:Dwight D. EisenhowerRichard NixonAdlai E. StevensonJohn Sparkman...(Show more)Key People:Ronald Reagan...(Show more)
Watch “I choose Ike” the man 1952 U.S. Presidential election project commercial for Republican presidential candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower
"I choose Ike" animated tv commercial because that Republican presidential candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower, developed by Roy Disney and Citizens for Eisenhower throughout the 1952 U.S. Presidential campaign.
Archival footage offered by the net Moving pictures Archive (at archive.org) in association through Prelinger ArchivesSee every videos for this article
United claims presidential election of 1952, American presidential election hosted on November 4, 1952, in which Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower easily defeated Democrat Adlai E. Stevenson.
Primaries and also conventions
Without one incumbent candidate in the White House, there was intense interest in that would victory the nomination of each of the two significant parties. Over there was also speculation as to whether a significant third-party candidacy, favor Strom Thumond’s Dixiecrat bid in 1948, would certainly materialize, particularly for Douglas MacArthur, the general who led united Nations forces in Korea till he was relieved of his duties in 1951 for insubordination through Pres. Bother S. Truman.
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Party primaries because that convention delegates to be held in between March 11 and June 3 in the following order: new Hampshire, Minnesota, Nebraska, Wisconsin, Illinois, new Jersey, Pennsylvania, brand-new York, Massachusetts, Maryland, Ohio, West Virginia, Oregon, Florida, California, and South Dakota. Primary elections were optional in three various other states—Alabama, Arkansas, and Georgia—and were set by state committees.
As the campaign of 1952 had actually neared, Eisenhower let that be recognized that he to be a Republican, and the east wing of the party, top by Gov. Thomas E. Dewey of brand-new York, the party’s unsuccessful nominee in 1948, made an intensive effort to sway Eisenhower to seek the Republican presidential nomination. His surname was gone into in number of state primaries against the much more conservative Sen. Robert A. Taft the Ohio. Although the outcomes were mixed, Eisenhower chose to run. In June 1952 the five-star basic retired native the army after 37 years of service, returned to the joined States, and also began to campaign actively.
Follow Eisenhower"s path to become the Republican nominee in the United says presidential choice of 1952
Scenes indigenous the 1952 Republican nationwide Convention, in i m sorry Senator Robert A. Taft and also General Dwight D. Eisenhower to be the leading candidates for the presidential nomination.
The Republican nationwide Convention was held in Chicago, July 7–11. ~ a bitterness fight with Taft supporters, Eisenhower winner the nomination top top the very first ballot. Eisenhower selected together his to run mate Sen. Richard M. Nixon the California, that had solid anticommunist credentials. Amongst the pledges the the Republicans was to finish the korean War and also to support the Taft-Hartley Act, which limited the activities of work unions.
The Democrats organized their convention in Chicago two weeks later. The democratic National Convention was marked by disarray, specifically between delegates who sustained civil civil liberties (largely from northern states) and those protest (primarily from southerly states). A requirement was adopted that the delegations pledge to support the eventual nominee and the party platform. A number of candidates vied for the nomination, consisting of Sen. Estes Kefauver that Tennessee and also Sen. Richard Russell of Georgia. Adlai E. Stevenson, the governor of Illinois, had actually refused to look for the nomination, however he was drafted by the convention together a compromise choice and to be nominated top top the 3rd ballot. He chose as his to run mate a Southerner, Sen. John Sparkman that Alabama. In comparison to the Republicans, the democracy pledged come repeal the Taft-Hartley Act and also called because that the continuation of policies pursued through Truman and also his predecessor together president, Franklin D. Roosevelt. Over there was also support for proceeding the oriental War.
Adlai E. Stevenson waving come supporters before speaking at Madison Square Garden, brand-new York City, 1952.
General election campaign
Attempts come organize would-be supporters of MacArthur failed to secure any kind of recognition native him. Although employees on his behalf had actually formal company in seven claims (Missouri, Arkansas, Texas, north Dakota, Washington, California, and Tennessee) under assorted designations (including America First, Christian Nationalist, and also Constitution) and although the was expected that votes would be “written in” in 13 states, the outcome proved that together MacArthur support had actually no impact upon the last election an outcome in any state.
The choice was conducted versus the backdrop of a “Red Scare” in which many Americans feared that international communist agents to be attempting come infiltrate the government. Two years previously Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy of Wisconsin, who held that the Roosevelt and also Truman administrations amounted come “20 years of treason,” claimed that he had actually a perform of State room employees who were loyal just to the Soviet Union. Though McCarthy offered no evidence to support his charges and revealed only a single name, he winner a large personal following. The Red Scare, the stalemated oriental War, and also a rebirth of inflation gravely handicapped Stevenson, who battled a vigorous campaign.
Eisenhower, in spite of his age (61), campaigned tirelessly, impressing millions through his warmth and also sincerity. His wide, friendly grin, wartime heroics, and middle-class pastimes—he to be an avid golfer and bridge player and a fan not of highbrow literature but of the American western—endeared him to the public and garnered him vast support. Mamie Eisenhower, choose her husband, projected a down-to-earth image.
One the the many dramatic incidents of the project was associated with Nixon. The New York Post reported the Nixon had a an enig “slush fund.” Eisenhower was willing to offer Nixon a chance to clear himself yet emphasized the Nixon required to emerge from the situation “as clean together a hound’s tooth.” top top September 23, 1952, Nixon took to television and also delivered what has been dubbed the “Checkers” speech, in which he recognized the existence of the fund however denied that any type of of it had been supplied improperly. The speech is perhaps finest remembered for its maudlin conclusion, in which Nixon admitted accepting one political gift—a cocker spaniel the his six-year-old daughter, Tricia, had named Checkers. “Regardless that what castle say around it,” he declared, “we space going to keep it.” return Nixon originally thought the the speech had been a failure, the general public responded favourably, and also a reassured Eisenhower said him, “You’re my boy.”
On the night of the election there to be a basic opinion that the presidential race was close. The final tally, however, to be anything but. Eisenhower won by more than 6 million votes, recording 39 states and 442 electoral votes come Stevenson’s 9 states and also 89 electoral votes. Eisenhower even won Florida, Texas, and also Virginia—three reliably democratic states. The election was taken into consideration a great personal triumph because that Eisenhower and also a repudiation of the Truman administration.
For the outcomes of the ahead election, see United says presidential choice of 1948. Because that the outcomes of the subsequent election, see United claims presidential choice of 1956.
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Results the the 1952 election
The results of the 1952 U.S. Presidential choice are detailed in the table.
|Sources: Electoral and popular poll totals based upon data from the United says Office of the federal Register and Congressional Quarterly"s overview to U.S. Elections, 4th ed. (2001).|
|Dwight D. Eisenhower||Republican||442||33,778,963|
|Adlai E. Stevenson||democratic||89||27,314,992|
|Eric Hass||Socialist labor||30,376|
|Farrell Dobbs||Socialist employees||10,306|