Throughout their Eyes were Watching God, Hurston employs thesymbolism of a pear tree – that is mysteries and also wonders – as a representation of Janie’squestions, hopes, and aspirations. The tree displayed the roots ofher memories, the branches of she vision, and the blossoming of herdreams. Quite than serving to describe the tree, theanthropomorphisms granted come itbespeak the essence of Janie, particularly in contrast to the communitiesaround her. Those who room enslaved to fabricated structures oforder,such as the college of and set reasons for marriage, room describedas dead trees. Dissimilarly, Janie, that yearns for more than theacceptable standards of society, who is interested in she potentialities asa human being transparent the spectrum of sexual to spiritual desires,isthe true blossoming pear tree that the novel.


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with “Janie witnessed her life choose a an excellent tree” (8), the secondchapterof the novel introduce Janie’s empathy with nature to present herrelatingto the tree as a metaphor for she life. Having actually been conceived inthe woods come a mom named irpari (19), that comes as no surprised thatthe commencement of Janie’s aware life (10) begins with thisempathy. In ~ the period of 16, the “glossy leaves and also bursting buds”(11) of her very own body mirror the “glistening leaf-buds” (10) that the treeshe therefore impassionedly sit beneath. The orgasmic epiphany sheexperiences is awakened ~ above the stimulation her senses experience inhearing the “alto hymn of the visiting bees, thegold that the sun and also the panting breath ofthe breeze” (11). Janie conceives that the ide of marriagebasedon the consummation the bees pollinating the pear tree blossoms andtellsof her very first wish, her first vision and dream; “Oh to be a pear tree<…>with kissing bees to sing of the start of the world” (11).Sheyearns to be natural, for she life, most particularly for she love life,tobe at one through nature.
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Her an initial sexual action is just that, complying with in the footsteps that thepear tree. ~ observing nature and understanding theapplicability ofits an allegory to she life, Janie expand the metaphor by actualizing itintoher very own life. “Through pollinated air” (12), her mind having beenpollinated through those singing bees similar to the air bordering theblossoms, Janiereceives her an initial kiss native a “beglamored” (12) Johnny Taylor.Itis together though she "arches her calyx" to allow the dust bearing bee knownasJohnny Taylor come "enter her sanctum" (11) in kissing her. Janie’sfirst blossom has been set to bloom.
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But, prior to shecanbask in the glory that the physical and also emotional sunlight that havestruckher, Nanny rain on her parade. In clamping under on Janie tocurtailher natural sexuality, forcing she to channel it just to societallyapprovedmarriage, Nanny proves it s her to it is in the polar opposite of Janie,representedby the an allegory of a dead tree. “Nanny’s head and face lookedlikethe standing roots of part old tree that had been torn far by storm”(12).The ns of life in her mirrored tree suggests the absence of vitalityandvigor important to press forward, to want more than the societalnorms.Although Janie has bound “cooling palma christi leaves” upon she head,perhaps in hopes of restoring youth and also its dreams within her, theyhave“wilted down” (12), as with those dreams. Nanny it s her is onthebrink of fatality saying “mah head is ole and also tilted in the direction of the grave”(18),wanting only to see Janie married best away to a “decent” man.UponJanie’s protest, and pending Nanny’s guilt-eliciting response, Nannythrusts“back the pipeline from she face” (13), together if to assert enough vigor totakea stand, enough to slap her violent (14), however only sufficient to take it astandfor the benefits of societal norms. Because that example, Nanny accepts thesocialstratification together reality, saying “de white guy is de ruler ofeverythingas much as Ah to be able tuh find out” (14), not seeking alternativesbeyondthe accepted. She an in similar way does not look for love for Janie, together madeclearin her informing “’Taint Logan Killicks Ah wants you to have, baby, it’sprotection”(15). Although Nanny herself refuse to marry, out of fear of herbaby being mistreated after ~ emancipation (19), indicating that in heryouth she may have blossomed, in she old age, her snarling brancheshavebeen dessicated of your idealism. Probably it is early out towitnessingthe death of her raped daughter (19), the Nanny can no longer thinkofanything but safety. While Janie contends, “Ah wants things sweetwid my marital relationship lak as soon as you sit under a pear tree and also think.Ah…”(24), according to Nanny, that is not joy or love that will keephersafe, together Janie envisions under her pear tree, yet a man, any type of man thatwillsee to her physical security.
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prefer Nanny, Logan Killicks is associated with dead lumber to the pointthat “the vision of Logan Killicks desecrating the pear tree” (14), isall that Janie can think of. “He look favor some ole skullhead inde grave yard” (13), she says, again equating the absence of consonancewith the pear tree to a lack of youth and also the vivacious desires it comeswith, because that he too, appears to be enslaved to the fabricated structures oforder. In the a killick is “a small anchor, especially one make of astone in a wood frame,” that is clear that Logan’s compositionwill not fulfill Janie’s vision, i m sorry is founded specifically uponblossoming wood. Janie realizes that v such a man, she willfall right into the classic structures with Logan having actually his location andshe having her"s, something Nanny would certainly approve of.WithNanny and also societal standards at his side, Logan seeks to holy spirit andphysicallyrestrict Janie"s blossoming. In refusing come chop wood (26), forexample,Janie proves that her essence will not be parched. The sanctityofwood will be preserved, she will certainly not desecrate the pear tree in cuttingheryouthful dream under herself.
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Janie’s intuition explored in this chapter foreshadows what is tocome. Logan’s sixty acres of financial defense are “a lonesomeplace prefer a stump in the middle of the woods wherein nobody had everbeen” (21-2), again proceeding the symbolism the the tree. In thiscase, the stasis the a stump isin direct opposition come the flowery dreams and visions in Janie, whichbecome parched. Similarly, in she next marriage to Joe Starks,althoughJanie is positive that she would gain the “bee for she bloom” (32) withhim, she eventually finds herself confined to an additional stasis, that of ahigh wooden porch stool where she “done almost languished tuh death”(114).The stool, too, is of dead hardwood representing the descration of her peartreethe paper definition implies. In no being given the opportunity to seekouther potential, in no being “petal-open with him” (71), she has “nomoreblossomy openings dusting pollen over her man, neither any glisteningyoungfruit whereby the petals offered to be” (72). Due to the fact that Janie isconstrainedfrom actualizing she visions that the pear tree, which have become rootedmemories by this time, she feels her branches withering.
that is following the death of her second husband, andmore specificallyupon engaging through Tea Cake the Janie is lastly granted theopportunityto actualize she girlhood dreams of blossoming. Tea Cake, whosereal surname is accordingly Vergible Woods, is Janie"s spirit mate, bothof them gift tree metaphors. The “could be a punishment to a flower – apear tree flower in the spring” (106), in the eyes of Janie. Hisnickname too holds significance in referring to other sweet, justas she has actually hope dor "things swee wid mah marriage" (24). BecauseTea Cake is unconcerned with her money, because that instance, in that he asksher to keep her to save aside and also live from his current earnings, TeaCake is clearly contrary to the share of suitors that proceeded himfollowing the fatality of mayor Starks, suitors who sought only hermoney. That is a man truly in love v Janie, a male whounderstands her. In instructing “Everytime Ah watch uh job uhroses uh somethin’ end sportin’ castle selves makin’ the end they pretty, Ahtell‘em “ah desire yuh to watch mah Janie sometime.’ You must let deflowers check out yuh sometimes, heah Janie?” (181), he shows that he toosees her mirroring, even competing with nature. It is with him,that Janie is pollinated to establish the definition of the pear tree’smysteries and wonders. Through his side, she find the answers come herquestions and also realizes her hopes and also aspirations. She becomesconfidant and proud of her stark contrast with the various communitiesthat surround her. In seeking out her potentialities together a humanbeing past the horizon of the societal norms, Janie blossoms.


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