String<> name = "a", "b", "c", "d" ;System.out.println(name<4 % name.length>);System.out.println(name<7 % name.length>);System.out.println(name<50 % name.length>);Output:

You are watching: What does percent mean in java

That"s the remainder operator, it gives the remainder of integer division. Because that instance, 3 % 2 is 1 due to the fact that the remainder the 3 / 2 is 1.

It"s being supplied there to store a worth in range: If name.length is less than 4, 7, or 50, the result of % name.length ~ above those values is a value that"s in the variety 0 come name.length - 1.

So that code picks entries indigenous the variety reliably, also when the number (4, 7, or 50) are out that range. 4 % 4 is 0, 7 % 4 is 3, 50 % 4 is 2. Every one of those space valid range indexes for name.

Complete example (live copy):

class Example public static void main (String<> args) throw java.lang.Exception String<> name = "a" , "b" , "c" , "d"; int n; n = 4 % name.length; System.out.println(" 4 % 4 is " + n + ": " + name); n = 7 % name.length; System.out.println(" 7 % 4 is " + n + ": " + name); n = 50 % name.length; System.out.println("50 % 4 is " + n + ": " + name); Output:

4 % 4 is 0: a 7 % 4 is 3: d50 % 4 is 2: c
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edited Aug 19 "17 in ~ 12:05
answered Aug 19 "17 at 11:59

T.J. CrowderT.J. Crowder
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Simple: this is the modulo, or come be an accurate the remainder operator.

This has actually nothing to perform with arrays per se. That is just a numerical computation on the value that gets provided to compute the array index.

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reply Aug 19 "17 at 11:59

GhostCatGhostCat
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