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TibethimalayasGeneral Info·Trans Himalayas·Lhasa·Shigatse
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Climate & vegetation
Rainshadow EffectPeopleReligionThe Yeti FactorPhoto Features·Glimpses that Buddhism·Invaluable Butter·Agriculture·Kailash and Mansarovar·Jokhang Temple

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Khamp -- the Tibetan Pheasant
Credit: Matjaz Vrecko

Climate and also vegetationTibet, the Roof that the World, is the highest plateau in theworld. However, many of its floor is arid or a semi-desert. Theaverage yearly precipitation is around 381 mm (about 15 inches)and is substantially less in some areas. Tibet experiencesbitterly cold weather and is lashed by harsh winds throughoutthe year. The average yearly temperature is approximately 1.1 levels Celsius (34 levels Fahrenheit).

You are watching: What areas are included in the himalayas rain shadow

The mountains are treeless, with only grasses and also shrubsgrowing. Tibetan civilization live in the valleys of the Indus andthe Brahmaputra, wherein they room able to grow some crops. Theriver valleys also support a couple of species of tree includingoak, cypress, polar and maple. In addition, the people growapple, peach, pear and apricot trees.

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The rainshadow effectCredit: Mahabir Pun

Rain shadow EffectThe rainshadow effect is responsible for the aridity of Tibet.The Himalayas mainly obtain rain from the monsoon winds blowing infrom the south. The monsoon winds, complete of moisture picked upfrom the Indian ocean, cross end the subcontinent that India andreach the Himalayas. Together the winds are obstructed by the highHimalayas, castle condense and also give heavy rainfall come thesouthern slopes that the Himalayas, i m sorry lie ~ above the windwardside the the mountains.

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Most that the humidity in this winds it s okay exhausted and also the airthat lastly crosses the key Himalayan arrays is rather dry.As a result, the infectious diseases worldwide Himalayan areas receive really littlerainfall. Therefore, Tibet and also other regions lying in thenorthern part of the Himalayan mechanism are claimed to lie in therainshadow area that the Himalayas and hence get little rain. Thelack that rain is responsible for making Tibet a an extremely dry land.