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These days, the graphic user user interface (the colorful world of icons, windows, and menus) is standard. Mac, Windows, Chrome OS, Linux—every operating mechanism is basically the same, which is to say a very long way from the present of typed regulates that characterized the more quickly computers.

Windows 10 restores the desktop to its classic importance, following a monster three-year detour right into “what the heck” land well-known as home windows 8. The desktop is as soon as again her only residence base, your single starting point. It’s the see that greets you once the computer system turns on, and it supplies all the devices you have to manage and also organize your files.

Herewith: a grand tour of the state the the art in computer desktops—the one in home windows 10.

The Lock Screen

When you turn on a home windows 10 machine, you recognize right away that you’re no in Kansas anymore. The very first thing you view is a vibrant curtain that’s been attracted over the computer’s world. It’s the Lock screen (Figure 1-1).

The Lock display serves the same purpose it does on a phone: It gives a quick glance in ~ the time, the date, her WiFi signal strength, the weather, and (on laptops and tablets) her battery charge. Together you download and install new apps, castle can include informational tidbits come this Lock screen, too.

The point is that periodically you nothing really need to wake the machine up. You just want to recognize what time the is.

The Lock display screen can also give girlfriend instant access to your Camera and also Skype apps (Camera and Skype). You can want to take a photo or answer a speak to without having actually to go with the red ice of fully logging in.


Figure 1-1. You can regulate which apps are enabled to include information to the Lock display screen in setups (like the weather report presented here). You’re not stuck with the Lock display screen photo as mother Microsoft has actually installed it, either. You can readjust the picture, if friend like, or friend can eliminate it altogether. Thing 4 has the details.

When you do want come go previous the Lock display to log in, there’s nothing to it. Practically anything you carry out that says, “I’m here!” works:

Touchscreen: Swipe a finger upward. (Swipe bottom to jump into Camera mode.)

Mouse: Click anywhere. Or revolve the mouse wheel.

Keyboard: Press any type of key.

The Lock display slides up and also out the the way, revealing the Login display (Figure 1-2, top).


You can change the photo background the the Lock screen, do it a slideshow, or fiddle with which information appears here; see tailoring the Lock Screen. You deserve to even eliminate the Lock display screen altogether—after all, that an extra click every time you log in in. For step-by-step instructions, check out “Eliminating the home windows 10 Lock Screen,” a free downloadable PDF appendix on this book’s “Missing CD” web page at www.missingmanuals.com.

The Login Screen

As in any modern operating system, you have actually your very own account in Windows. The your world of files, settings, and also preferences. For this reason the 2nd thing you encounter in windows 10 is the Login screen. Here, at reduced left, you view the name and photo because that each person who has an account on this maker (Figure 1-2). Choose yours.

This is also where you’re supposed to log in in—to prove that you’re you. Yet logging in no longer has to mean typing a password. Among Windows 10’s major goals is to take on touchscreens, and typing is a pain on tablets.


Figure 1-2. Lower left: If your device has an ext than one account set up, tap or click your symbol to authorize in. Top right: keying is so 2009! In home windows 10, you have the right to log into your account using any of several more touchscreen-friendly methods, like illustration three predetermined lines on a photograph.

Therefore, you can log in using any of these techniques:

Just look at your screen. On laptop computers or tablets with Intel’s RealSense infrared cameras, facial recognition logs girlfriend in.

Swipe her finger across the fingerprint reader, if your computer system has one.

Put your eye up to the iris reader, if your an equipment is therefore equipped.

Type in a pin you’ve memorized.

Type a timeless password.

Skip the security altogether. Jump straight to the desktop computer when you turn on the machine.

See Chapter 19 for instructions on setting each of these up.

The Desktop

Once you’ve gotten past the defense barrier, you finally wind up at the home base that Windows: the desktop. Check out Figure 1-3 because that a refresher course.

You can, and also should, make the desktop computer look like everything you want. Girlfriend can change its background snapshot or color scheme; you deserve to make the message larger; you deserve to clutter increase the totality thing with icons you usage a lot. Chapter 4 is a crash course in desktop computer interior decoration.


Figure 1-3. The desktop returns in windows 10 together everybody’s starting place. It’s once again the an initial thing you view after you log in in. It has actually a shiny, clean, brand-new look, yet the time-honored landmarks—Start menu, taskbar, device tray—are just where they’ve constantly been.

Meet the start Menu

Windows is composed of 50 million present of computer system code, scattered across your difficult drive in countless files. The vast bulk of them space not because that you; they’re assistance files, there for behind-the-scenes usage by Windows and also your applications. They may too bear a sticker reading, “No user-serviceable components inside.”

That’s why the Start menu is so vital (Figure 1-4). It lists every useful piece of software on her computer, consisting of commands, programs, and files. Just around everything you execute on your pc begins—or deserve to begin—with your start menu.

In windows 10, as you’ve more than likely noticed, the word “Start” doesn’t actually show up on the begin menu, as it did because that years; currently the Start menu is simply a square button in the lower-left corner of your screen, bearing the Windows logo (). Yet it’s still dubbed the start menu, and also it’s quiet the gateway to every little thing on the PC.

If you’re the type who bills by the hour, you can open the Start menu (Figure 1-3, reduced left) by click it through the mouse. If you feel that life’s also short, however, madness the key on the keyboard instead, or the switch if it’s a tablet.

Really, truly: Learn this. Tap to open up the Start food selection (or come close it!).

The Start food selection (Figure 1-4) is break-up into 2 columns. Because that convenience, let’s speak to them the left side and the best side.



If your computer system is a tablet, and it has no physical keyboard at all, then it might start increase in windows 10’s brand-new Tablet mode. In this mode, the appropriate side that the Start food selection fills the whole screen, and the left next doesn’t show up unless girlfriend tap the

in the top-left corner. Because that details on tablet mode, see Chapter 13.

The many amazing thing around the home windows 10 Start food selection is that windows 10 has actually a start menu—something that’s been lacking since windows 7. The left side, or something choose it, has actually been through Windows from the beginning. The best side is a pared-back version of the Start display that identified Windows 8.

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The left side might look like the Start food selection that’s been in Windows from the beginning (except during that one regrettably three-year home windows 8 phase). However there’s a big difference: In home windows 10, you can’t usage it to list your own favorite programs, folders, and also files. (That’s what the appropriate side is for.) The left next is supposed to be managed and also run entirely by home windows itself.