Presentation on theme: "1685-1750. Baroque – derived from the Portuguese indigenous barroco definition “an irregular shame pearl” Era of absolute monarchy religious wars Protestants."— Presentation transcript:




You are watching: The term baroque probably derives from the portuguese word barocco meaning

1 1685-1750

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2 Baroque – obtained from the Portuguese native barroco an interpretation “an irregular shaped pearl” Era of absolute monarchy spiritual wars Protestants vs. Catholics increase of the middle-class Poverty and also wasteful luxury advances in science Kepler, Galileo, Copernicus “I am the State” Heliocentric

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3 1685-1750 Born in Eisenach, Germany came from a big family of musicians Learned come play violin native his father Studied body organ with his older brother, a college student of Pachelbel Married twice Maria Barbara Bach – Seven youngsters Anna Magdelana – Thirteen youngsters Critics assumed his music was also old fashioned, rebirth of interest in works started in early on nineteenth century “Music need to serve the glory that God”

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4 Two separate publications, each has actually twenty-four preludes and also fugues. Pairs of movements in every collections are collection in all major and minor keys. Displayed possibilities for play in all secrets on an tool tuned in same temperament. Pianists “Old Testament” – brand-new Testament being Beethoven’s thrity-two piano sonatas http://www.youtube.com/watch?v =dFmGbYXt7U8 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v =dFmGbYXt7U8

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5 Toccata in D boy BWV 565 BWV - Bach Werke Verzeichnis (Bach functions Catalogue) http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=ipzR9bhei_o

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6 six Works specialized to the margrave that Brandenburg Concerto critical genre in several activities for solo instrument and also orchestra Concerto Grosso Baroque concerto type based top top opposition between a tiny group of solo tools (concertino) and also orchestra (ripieno) Brandenburg Concerto No. 2 in F significant http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EC1E4_imS0A http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LCnJ1Rk93_g http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6jtk4ETAx8g

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7 TimeSectionDescription 0:00Ritornello 1Full Ensemble 0:18Solo 1Violin 0:23Ritornello 2Full Ensemble 0:28Solo 2Oboe and also Violin 0:33Ritornello 3Full Ensemble 0:37Solo 3Recorder and Oboe 0:42Ritornello 4Full Ensemble 0:47Solo 4Trumpet and also Recorder 0:52Ritornello 5Full Ensemble 1:06Solo 5Trumpet, Violin, Recorder, Oboe 1:11Ritornello 6Full Ensemble 2:19Solo 6Recorder, Violin, Oboe, Trumpet 2:38Tutti – miscellaneous exchanges between instruments 4:00Ritornello 7Full Ensemble

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8 beforehand life Mother passed away when he to be nine, father passed away within a year Weimar compelled to write a brand-new cantata every month Jumped in ~ the possibility of a brand-new position in C öthen duke William ernst was infuriated and sent him come jail because that a month C öthen to work by the Prince the Leopold the Anhalt- C öthen, hosted a place of Capellmeister – highest possible rank for a musician in ~ the time. Went back from a expedition to uncover his wife had died. At this time he wrote the Partita No.2 for solo violin in D minor.

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9 set of dance-inspired activities for solo instruments, small groups, or orchestra. All written in the same vital but differ in tempo, meter, and character. Movements have actually a variety of national origins: Allemande – Germany Courante – France Gavotte - France Sarabande – Spain Gigue – England/Ireland

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10 Usually starts with a activity that is no dance-inspired. French Overture two parts very first Section Slow ar with dotted rhythms 2nd Section Quick and lighter, often starts as a fugue. Http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= z2SGb0x7Jqw http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= z2SGb0x7Jqw

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11 commonly the an initial movement in a suite, later is preceded by a prelude. “French for German” Binary form Quadruple meter starts on one upbeat bass line move in a stepwise melodic line

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12 French for Courir “To Run” Binary form Triple Meter starts on an upbeat continuous Triplets Sequencing – minor range http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3WNrH9PK0ug

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13 slow dance Binary type Triple Meter layout returns in the Chaconne.

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Very solemn longing feel expressed throughout http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_0FEXtupkp0

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14 French because that Jig Binary kind Compound Meter Moderately fast

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15 Variations end basso continuo Dance song imported native Latin America to Spain later moved to Italy whereby it was known at the Ciaconna. Most popular movement of any partita http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ke34bIxmVas

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