Magnesium chloride, also known together magnesium dichloride, is an not natural salt that is uncovered in many organisms to accomplish essential functions.

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Formula and structure: The magnesium chloride chemical formula is MgCl2. The molar mass is 95.21 g/mol. This salt is discovered in together a dihydrated salt through the formula MgCl2.H2O and molecular massive 203.31 g/mol, being it the most common form. The molecule is created by one cation ferrous Mg2+ and also two chloride anions Cl-. The structure is formed by a octahedral geometry, with 8 chloride anions surrounding a magnesium cation. Its chemistry structure can be composed as below, in the typical representations supplied for essential molecules.


Occurrence: Magnesium chloride is discovered in nature. It can be extract from sea water and also salty lakes. Among the main sources is the Dead Sea in the middle East. The is likewise found as solvated salt in organisms of every levels (bacteria, animals and also human).

Preparation: Magnesium chloride is created by the reaction the hydrochloric acid and also magnesium oxide. It have the right to be acquired from adding the hydrochloric to the seawater, precipitating the magnesium chloride. The can likewise be ready from magnesium ammonium chloride reacting v hydrochloric acid.

physical properties: Magnesium chloride is a white, odourless, crystalline solid. The thickness varies follow to the hydration of the salt, gift 2.32 g/mL because that the anhydrous and 1.59 g/mL for the hexahydrate salt. The melting suggest is 714 °C because that the anhydrous and also 1412 °C is the boil point. Magnesium chloride is soluble in water and acetone.

chemistry properties: Magnesium chloride is critical salt to the body of organisms since it deserve to be solvated in two important ions: Mg2+ and Cl-. The magnesium cation Mg2+ has critical biochemical role as a cofactor of numerous enzymes and also to insurance the ionic biological balance. Magnesium chloride is a Lewis acid definition that also when the is one salt, that can likewise be offered as an acid as result of it is maybe to accept electrons.

Uses: Magnesium chloride is supplied as a component in the production of adhesives, clean agents, farming fertilizers, pet food and also human food. It is also used together the key reactant in the production of magnesium metal. Magnesium chloride is additionally used as a catalyst in some chemical reactions. Magnesium chloride can be used as a ingredient of fertilizers.

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Health effects / security hazards: Magnesium chloride can reason eyes irritation however I general is no toxic. It is no flammable.