Strawberry Tree, Koumaria, Koumara, Pacific Madrone, Madrona

Any plant referred to as “strawberry” various other than a strawberry is doomed. Strawberries load a lot of of specific flavor and also sweetness. Most other things dubbed strawberry execute not.

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The Strawberry Guava doesn’t. The Indian Strawberry doesn’t. The Strawberry Tree doesn’t, and also its sibling, the other Strawberry Tree doesn’t either. These four fruits have actually their very own flavor and also appeal the gets shed in the pronouncement the they room not as an excellent as the strawberry. And that is accurate. None are together extroverted together the strawberry, yet they space not strawberries. You have actually to acquire past that.

Like the rest, the Strawberry Tree, Arbutus unedo, is doomed in English, together Arbutus mensiesii associated Strawberry Tree. In Greek the former is dubbed Koumaria (koo-mar-ree-AH) i m sorry is likewise the surname of a town and a hell of a most hotels. The perfectly round fruit that the tree, a favorite of children, is referred to as Koumara (no i.) Goats love the leaves, as do deer. But best of all, Koumara are Koumara, and also they’re good unto themselves. A. Unedo take away a year to placed on fruit and also ripen so the is loosing fruit just around the time that is flowering again. Referred to as madronos in Spanish, Corbezzolo in Italian, and also sometimes Bearberry in English as well as the apologize of Cain and Cain Apple. The fruit smells prefer anise however doesn’t taste prefer that, much more along the present of a woody strawberry, or a cross between guava and nectarine However, unripe the can cause nausea, meanwhile it can ferment top top the branch and also cause soft intoxication. Native a health point of watch it does have Vitamin C. The bark has actually tannins for functioning leather or together a dye.


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A. Mensiesii aka A. Menziesii


The 2nd Strawberry Tree is A. Mensiesii, additionally called the Pacific Madrone, or Madrona. Aboriginal to northwestern phibìc America, it can be found cultivate in non-hot locations of the country. Every September I gain several emails from folks wonder if the fruit is edible since there are web reports that it is toxic. It is not. Many folks think the is some type of dogwood, however it is not. That berries are edible yet astringent. The indians made them into cider or just chewed them. A much more distant relative, the Mayflower, or the rolling Arbutus, is also an edible. See a different entry for that.

Arbutus (arb-YEW-tus) means struggle. Unedo (YOU-nee-doe) way “I eat only one” native the Latin unum edo. That can be check out two ways: it is so good I only eat one, or that is fairly it is uninteresting thus I only eat one. We obtained that in 50 advertisement from Pliny the Elder (23 advertisement – respectable 25, 79), and also we don’t recognize which the meant. Mensiesii honors the discoverer, Archibald Menzies (1754-1842), a Scottish physician and naturalist.

The Arbutuses space in the pagan family. Oddly, A. Unedo likewise grows in Ireland whereby in Gaelic it is dubbed Caithne. Some think the is a pre-ice period hold over. In can have been presented by the beaker People around 4,000 BC according to pollen uncovered in bogs. Incidentally, there is an old Irish people song “My Love’s an Arbrutus.” The words room by the recipes below.


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Koumaria in blossom


Several types in the genus Arbutus are ornamentals. A. Andrachne (the east Strawberry Tree) has small edible berries and cinnamon-colored bark. The is often perplexed with a hybrid, A. Andrachnoides , which has actually small, hard edible fruit and also perfectly smooth bark varying from deep red come bright yellow. Fruit that the Arbutus marina, however, is edible.

When i travel earlier to the “old country” the two points I notification about plants is how many familiar ones there are. Weeds space cosmopolitan. Then there room the natives. Edible figs prosper wild in southerly Greece, as does the deadly Oleander but additionally thyme, basil, savory, rosemary, oregano and marjoram. In Crete the fruit that the Koumaria is made right into a regional distillation dubbed Koumaro. Having actually visited Crete numerous times ns think the Cretans deserve to make tail pipe-kicking radiator fluid out of practically anything.

Green Deane’s “Itemized” plant Profile

IDENTIFICATION: The Strawberry Tree, grow to 15 to 35 feet tall, evergreen leaves space dark green, glossy, 2 to four inches long, up to an inch large with a serrated edge.Young leaves have red veins. Blossoms room white (occasionally pale pink), bell-shaped, like a blueberry blossom, love husband scented. Fruit is a red berry to 3/4 the an inch through, rough surface, maturing 12 months. In southerly US the tree is around 10 feet tall. Older specimens have gnarled trunk and also branches. Countless cultivars consisting of “Compacta, Rubra, Elifn King, Quercifolia, Croomei, Melita, and Werner.

TIME the YEAR: Fruit usually ripens in later summer or fall. Mealy, amber flesh. Tree blooms autumn into winter

ENVIRONMENT: native to rocky well-drained soil, complete sun other than in deserts where it needs partial shade

METHOD the PREPARATION: out of hand, jams, jellies, pies, candied fruit, wine and also spirits. Check out recipes below.

 Strawberry Tree Jam

Two pounds that fruit

A pound of sugar

Four ounces orange liquor

Slowly cook the fruit with a little water until soft. Push through a mill then reheat through the sugar and also liqueur. Simmer till a drop mounds on a cool dish.

Option: include some cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg and vanilla for included flavor.

Strawberry Tree Jelly

Arbutus berries, sugar, water.

Rinse fruits. Placed them in a keeping pan and also cover through cold water nearly completely. . Bring on the heat and cook for about fifteen minutes over short heat. Happen the fruit with a cheesecloth, pushing well come catch any juice.

Weigh it. Mix the juice with its weight of sugar. Simmer over low heat, skimming rather soft at times. Food preparation is finish when the juice forms little beads. Cool before placing in jars.

My Love’s an Arbutus

My love’s an arbutus by the borders of Lene, so slender and also shapely In her girdle the green. and I measure the pleasure Of her eye’s sapphire sheen through the blue skies that sparkle through the soft branching screen.

But despite ruddy the berry and also snowy the flower that brighten together The arbutus bower, Perfuming and blooming through sunshine and also shower, give me her bright lips and also her laugh’s pearly dower.

Alas, fruit and blossom candlestick lie dead ~ above the lea, and also Time’s jealousy fingers Dim her young charms, Machree.

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however unranging, unchanging, you will do it still cling to me, prefer the evergreen leaf to the arbutus tree.