Let’s challenge it: life is boring without adjectives. Adjectives make our language an ext exciting, and one of the fun components of learning Spanish is discovering how to spice up your conversation with new adjectives.

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But how exactly do adjectives work in Spanish?

Whether you’re a new Spanish speaker or who looking to travel to a Spanish-speaking country soon, the following list of accuse can assist you obtain started making use of Spanish adjectives prefer a native. We’ve likewise included a perform of Spanish adjective you can use to broaden your vocabulary and practice making her conversations a small more… descriptive.

Review: what’s an adjective?

An adjective is a word that defines a noun — a person, place, thing, or concept. Adjectives assist us understand an ext about the world approximately us. One adjective can describe:

Quality (big, small, honest, rich)Number (one, two, many, few)Location (this, that)Possession (my, his, yours)Group or beginning (American, Medieval)

Spanish adjectives attain the same features as English adjectives, though the two languages have different grammar rule on exactly how to readjust and place adjectives in a sentence.


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Spanish adjectives adjust based on gender and number

If she a small familiar with Spanish, you may remember that Spanish nouns have the right to have feminine or mrs genders. Once you discover a new noun in Spanish, be sure to discover the gender too because this will aid you type the best Spanish adjectives.

A Spanish adjective deserve to have up to four endings, v a various ending for each combination of sex (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural).

If you discover a brand-new Spanish adjective, opportunities are the you’ll learn the singular, masculine form of the adjective. Yet this is just one of the feasible adjective develops you deserve to use.

Let’s consider the example “rojo,” which means “red.” The different possible endings are:

CaseEndingExample
Singular, Masculine-oel coche rojothe red car
Singular, Feminine-ala casa rojathe red house
Plural, Masculine-oslos libros rojosthe red books
Plural, Feminine-asLas sillas rojasthe red chairs

Sometimes, one adjective finishing doesn’t change with gender.

In the instance “azul” (“blue”), over there are just two possible endings:

CaseExample
Singular, Masculineel cielo azulthe blue sky
Singular, Femininela mesa azulthe blue table
Plural, Masculinelos sombreros azulesthe blue hats
Plural, Femininelas flores azulesthe blue flowers

If the adjective ends in -e or a consonant, climate there are usually just two endings, singular and also plural. This adjectives will certainly be specially significant throughout the rest of this article.

How execute you recognize which Spanish adjective finishing to use?

The adjective ending in Spanish always depends ~ above the noun that modifies. If the noun is masculine and also singular, usage the masculine, singular finishing (usually –o). If the noun is plural and also feminine, then usage the plural, feminine finishing (usually –las).

When making use of adjectives to define a person, usage the gender that the person identifies with. Note that there room some indigenous for civilization that take it on solved grammatical genders, no matter how the human being identifies in real life. The adjectives for these words need to follow the gender of the noun. Right here are a few common examples:

La persona (person)

Mi hermano es una persona honesta.
My brother is an moral person.

Here, “persona” is a feminine noun that refers to any kind of person, nevertheless of organic or expressed gender. Still, the adjective needs to enhance the grammatical gender.

La gente (group the people)

Hay mucha gente en el restaurante.
There are a lot of of human being in the restaurant.

This example is an especially strange. “Gente” is a single feminine noun, also though it describes many human being that have the right to be all men, every women, or a complete mix.

El ser (being)

Mi madre es un ser humano.
My mother is a person being.

A “being” in Spanish only has one grammatical gender, regardless of whether of the actual gender of the being in question.

Capitalizing Spanish adjectives

In Spanish, every adjectives room spelled v lowercase letters uneven they begin a sentence. Also adjectives the come from proper nouns choose “Spanish” (español) or “Mexican” (mexicano) are always spelled through lowercase letters.

Possessive adjectives in Spanish

For the own determiners my, your, his, her, its, and their, the adjective is the very same whether the noun is mrs or feminine. However you do need to remember to take the singular and plural creates into account.

mi casamy house
mis librosmy books
tu abrigoyour coat
tus sillasyour chairs
Su dinerohis/her/its/your (formal)/their money
Sus chaquetashis/her/its/your (formal)/their jackets

For our, the own adjective changes based upon gender and also number:

nuestro hogarour home
nuestra mesaour table
nuestros vinosour wines
nuestras cervezasour beers

For possessive pronoun that come after the noun, readjust the adjective ending based on gender and also number as you generally would.

The possessive pronoun in Spanish are:

míomine
tuyoyours (informal)
suyohis/hers/yours (formal)
nuestroours
suyotheirs
El libro es mío.
The book is mine.
¿Esas gafas kid tuyas?
Are those eyeglasses yours?

Using Spanish adjectives through “ser” and “estar”

A simple way to affix adjectives with nouns is to usage the verbs for “to be,” which are “ser” and also “estar.”

El coche es negro.
The car is black.
La niña está triste.
The girl is sad.

Remember to use the ideal singular/plural kind of “ser” or “estar” to enhance the noun.

Las sillas son rojas.
The chairs room red.
Los hombres kid honestos.
The men are honest.

When to use “ser” or “estar” through a Spanish adjective

Though “ser” and “estar” both interpret to “to be” in English, they have slightly different meanings. When it concerns adjectives, right here is once you have to use “ser” and also “estar.”

When to use “ser” through Spanish adjectives

Here room a couple of rules of thumb on once to usage “ser” through an adjective in Spanish:

Origin
Los dulces child mexicanos.
The sweets space Mexican.
Nationality
Mi amigo es español.
My girlfriend is Spanish.
Religious or political association
Los niños child budistas.
The youngsters are Buddhist.
Material
La estatua es dorada.
The frosting is golden.
Possession
La mesa es mía.
The table is mine.
Other essential or long-term qualities
Ella es inteligente.
She is intelligent.

Seven Spanish adjectives that are always used through “ser”

simpáticokind
importanteimportant
famosofamous
posiblepossible
comúncommon
suficientesufficient/enough
capazcapable

When to use “estar” with Spanish adjectives

Below space the situations when you must use “estar” v a Spanish adjective instead:

Emotions
El niño está contento.
The young is happy.
Temporary conditions
Yo estoy enfermo.
I to be sick.
Location or position
La casa está cerca.
The home is nearby.

Seven Spanish adjectives the are constantly used with “estar”

bienwell
malwrong
preocupadoworried
enfermosick
enojadoupset
contentopleased/content
satisfechosatisfied

Adjectives that change definition with “ser” and also “estar”

There space a couple of adjectives in Spanish that have actually different meanings depending on even if it is you use “ser” or “estar.” right here are the most typical examples:

Listo
ser listoto be clever
estar listoto be ready/prepared
Bueno
ser buenoto be good
estar buenoto be attractive
Malo
ser maloto be bad/evil
estar maloto it is in spoiled (for eating)
Rico
ser ricoto it is in rich
estar ricoto it is in tasty
Seguro
ser seguroto be safe
estar seguroto be sure/certain

Orgulloso

ser orgullosoto it is in a proud person
estar orgullosoto be proud (of someone/something)
Verde
ser verdeto be eco-friendly (color)
estar verdeto it is in unripe or immature

Where do you placed the adjective in Spanish?

If girlfriend don’t want to usage a Spanish adjective through “ser” or “estar,” you can add the adjective alongside the noun. Even if it is you location the adjective after or prior to the noun relies on the adjective and also the situation.

After the noun

Most of the time, an adjective in Spanish have to come ~ the noun the modifies.

la lámpara rojathe red lamp
los niños simpáticosthe nice children

Before the noun

When utilizing adjectives that show quantities or differences, the adjective comes before the noun.

dos ciudadestwo cities
mucha lluviaa many rain
poca comidanot a most food
muchos avionesmany airplanes
pocas personasfew people

Changes in adjective meaning before or after ~ the noun

There are a few Spanish adjectives that change an interpretation depending on whether they’re before or ~ the noun. Here are several of the most usual ones:

Viejo
mi viejo amigomy long-time friend
mi amigo viejomy yonsei friend
Nuevo
tu nueva casayour recently bought house
tu casa nuevayour newly constructed house
Gran/grande
una gran ciudada an excellent city
Una ciudad grandea large city
Alto
alta cocinahigh-class cuisine
Una persona altaa high person
Pobre
el pobre hombrethe unfortunate man
el hombre pobrethe negative man
Único
la única pinturathe only painting
la pintura únicathe distinctive painting
Solo
una sola sillaone solitary chair
una mujer solaa lonely woman
Distinto
distintos coloresvarious colors
colores distintosdistinct colors
Puro
pura felicidadnothing yet happiness
almas puraspure souls
Raro
un raro objetoa rarely object
un objeto rarean unexplained object
Triste
la triste historiathe disastrous history
un niño tristea sad boy

Multiple Spanish adjectives

To explain something with several adjectives, you can list them together you would certainly in English. Simply remember to make sure that the adjective endings agree through the gender and variety of the noun.

la casa vieja y carathe big, expensive house
los libros rojos, pequeños e interesantesthe small, red, amazing books

Common Spanish adjectives

Colors

rojoredROH-ho
rosadopink/roseroh-SAH-doh
anaranjadoorangeah-nah-rahn-HAH-do
amarilloyellow/amberah-mah-REE-yo
verde*greenVER-deh
azul*blueah-SOOL
moradopurplemo-RAH-doh
violeta*violetvee-oh-LE-ta
blancowhiteBLAHN-co
negroblackNEH-gro
marron*brownmah-RROHN
gris*grayGREES

*These adjectives don’t adjust between masculine and feminine nouns.

Physical features (People)

altotallAHL-toh
bajoshort (height)BAH-ho
gordofatGORE-doh
flacoskinnyFLAH-co
delgadoslimdell-GAH-doh
joven*youngHO-ven
biejooldvee-EH-ho
atractivoattractiveah-track-TEE-vo
bellobeautifulBEH-yo
guapohandsome/beautifulgoo-AH-poh
bonitoprettyboh-NEE-toh
feouglyFEH-oh
rubioblondROO-bee-oh
pelirrojoredheadpeh-lee-ROH-ho

*These adjective don’t readjust between masculine and also feminine nouns.

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Physical features (Things)

largolongLAR-go
cortoshort (length)CORE-toh
anchowideAHN-choh
estrechonarrowess-TRAY-choh
pequeñosmallpeh-KAY-nyoh
grande*bigGRAHN-de
cercanonearbyser-CAH-no
lejanofar awaylay-HAH-no
limpiocleanLEEM-pee-oh
suciodirtySOO-see-oh
llenofullYEH-no
vacíoemptyvah-SEE-oh

*These adjectives don’t change between masculine and feminine nouns.

Character traits

inteligenteintelligenteen-teh-lee-HEN-teh
felizhappyFEH-lees
sabiowiseSAH-bee-oh
prudenteprudentproo-DEN-teh
responsableresponsibleres-pon-SAH-bleh
quietoquiet/calmkee-EH-toh
animadoexcitable/animatedah-nee-MAH-doh
extrañostrangeex-TRAH-nyoh
ambiciosoambitiousahm-bee-see-OH-so
perezosolazypeh-reh-SO-so
capazcapablekah-PAHS
competentecompetentcom-peh-TEN-teh
honestohonestoh-NES-toh
maduromaturemah-DOO-roh
caprichosowhimsicalca-pree-CHOH-so