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This simple lesson concentrates on how to asking for and tell the time of work in Spanish, and also expressing the days of the week. Compared to various other topics, it is fortunately one the you may have the ability to read through just a couple of times, and get the hang of it. Nothing be fear to check out it the end loud!! shot asking yourself the questions, and then responding back.

You are watching: Son las dos menos diez de la tarde

 ¿Qué hora es? Is indistinguishable to “What time is it?”


In to express time, “It is” is expressed by “Es la” (for one o’clock), and “Son las” because that other hrs (two o’clock, 3 o’clock, and also so on).

For example:

Es la una – it’s one o’clock.Son las dos (tres) – It’s 2 (three) o’clock.

Time past the hour (up to half past) is express by the hour + y, followed by the number of minutes. “Half past” is expressed by “y media”; “a quarter past” is express by “y cuarto”.

For example:

Es la una y diez – the ten (minutes) after ~ one. It’s 1:10.Son ras seis y media – It’s fifty percent past six. It’s 6:30.Son las diez y cuarto – the a quarter after ten. It’s 10:15.

Alter half past, the moment is express in terms of the adhering to hour “menos” (minus) the minutes.

For example:

Son las dos menos veinte – it’s twenty minutes to two. That 1:40.Son las nueve menos cuarto – it’s a 4 minutes 1 to nine. The 8:45.

A an ext difficult, yet common method is to usage “faltar” (missing) instead of menos.

Faltan quince para que sean las nueve. – it’s fifteen minute to nine. The 8:45.

Try the “menos” strategy first, and then try to add the “faltar” strategy to her repertoire.

The expresión “de la mañana” coincides to English “a.m.” (in the morning), “de la tarde” (in the afternoon) and also “de la noche” (in the evening) correspond to English “p.m.”, “en punto” method “sharp” or “on the dot.”

For example:

Son ras ocho de la mañana – the 8:00 a.m.Es la una de la tarde – that 1:00 p.m.Son las ocho de la noche en punto – that 8:00 p.m (exactly).


Instead the “media” and “cuarto”, the number of minutes may be provided (treinta, quince).

For example:

Son las cinco y treinta – it’s five-thirty. It’s fifty percent past five.Es la una y quince – the one-fifteen. The a quarter previous one.

It’s not uncommon to heat times favor 12:45 and also 12:50 expressed with “y”.

For example:

Son ras doce y cuarenta y cinco – the twelve-forty-five.Son ras doce y cincuenta – that twelve-fifty.


Es la una menos cuartoEs la una menos diez

Common time expresions:

¿Qué hora es? – What time is it?

¿A qué hora? – at what time?

A ras dos (tres) – at 2 (three) o’clock

de la mañana – in the morning, a.m.

de la tarde – in the afternoon, p.m.

de la noche – in ~ night, p.m.

Es mediodía – the noon

a mediodía – in ~ noon

Es medianoche – that midnight

a medianoche – at midnight

Es tarde – it’s late

Es temprano – that early

a tiempo – on time

En punto – exactly, sharp

Now on to days and dates:


Days that the mainly (Los días de la semana)

lunes – Monday

martes – Tuesday

miércoles – Wednesday

jueves – Thursday

viernes – Friday

sábado – Saturday

domingo – Sunday

fin de semana – Weekend



“On” prior to a work of the main is express by “el” because that the singular and also “los” for the plural.

El / los lunes – top top Monday / Mondays

El / los martes – ~ above Tuesday / Tuesdays

El / los miércoles – on Wednesday / Wednesdays

El / los jueves – top top Thursday / Thursdays

El / los viernes – ~ above Friday / Fridays

El / los sábado(s) – ~ above Saturday / Saturdays

El / los domingo(s) – ~ above Sunday / Sundays

El / los fin(es) de semana – on the weekend/ top top the weekends

Note that the days of the week whose names end in –s perform not adjust their type in the plural.

The days of the week space not capitalized in Spanish.

Months (meses)

Enero – January

Febrero – February

Marzo – March

Abril – April

Mayo – May

Junio – June

Julio – July

Agosto – August

Septiembre – September

Octubre – October

Noviembre – November

Diciembre – December

NOTE: choose the work of the week, the months space written through lowercase (small) letters in Spanish.



¿Cuál es la fecha de hoy? – What is today date?

¿A cuánto estamos hoy? ­– What is today date?

Es el primero de enero – that January 1.

Estamos a primero de enero – the January 1.

Es el dos de febrero – the is February 2.

Es el tres (cuatro) de mayo – It’s might 3 (4).

Mil ochocientos doce – 1812

El quince de abril de mil novecientos noventa y seis – April 15, 1996

Some various other tips

Cardinal number are used for all dates except “primero” (first).el primero de abril – April 1(st)el tres (cuatro, cinco) de abril – April 3 (4, 5)In English we have the right to say previous years by hundreds alone (ie. Just how we to speak “seventeen hundreds fifty” for 1750). The year is to express in Spanish by thousands and hundreds: “Mil setecientos cincuenta”, literally: one thousand seven hundred fifty.The date and also month are linked by the preposition “de”. The month and the year are also connected by “de”.el diez de junio de mil ochocientos cuarenta – (on) June 10, 1840.With dates, el corresponds to “on”.El diez de abril.

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– on April 10.

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