l> Stake in the floor
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• The battle Of the Binge• The art of Darkness• be Medicareful• allow the games Begin • Stake in the Ground• Mondays v Morris• What They to be Thinking
THE means WE LIVE NOWON LANGUAGE BY wilhelm SAFIRE

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Stiffen those etymological sinews.

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believe it is essential to placed a stake in the ground," said Gov. George W. Bush, "and to say, 'Enough is enough,' once it pertains to trying to destruction up people's backgrounds in politics."

Eight years before, a autonomous candidate, Paul Tsongas, provided the same metaphor of decision in a Des Moines speech: "The Iowa caucuses room an integral part of any type of sense of American politics, and also I intend to placed my stake in the ground here."

This is a metaphor of determination, with a west flavor. That is rooted in, or has a stake firmly planted in, the laying of a claim to a piece of territory, own by nobody, for mining or farm use. The rush because that land after the Civil battle popularized the expression (along with doing a land-office business). The stakes moved in the ground to be the markers provided to short article the limits of a homestead; this led to an additional phrase, to pull up stakes, which way "to move on" come greener pastures.

George Dubyuh's usage of stake in the ground immediately called come mind a comparable trope called up by his father, chairman Bush, ~ Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in 1990: "A line has been drawn in the sand." This expression may have stemmed from the circle drawn in the sand approximately the Syrian King Antiochus Epiphanes in 168 B.C. Through the roman envoy Popilius Laenas, that ordered the king come agree to withdraw his pressures from Alexandria prior to he might step out of the circle.

the is really unlikely the President bush had this illustration in mind. Regardless of the elder Bush's passive construction, the phrase evoked the Alamo legend, in which william Barret Travis, besieged through a mexican army, supplied his knife to draw a line in the soil (or sand), saying, "Those all set to dice for freedom's cause, come throughout to me." One hundred eighty-nine did, and died. The President's son, George W., in a fund-raising letter the contrary Ann Richards's election as branch of Texas in 1990, wrote, "When Col. Travis attracted the heat in the sand at the Alamo, he discovered automatically who had the courage to stand and fight because that the Texas Republic." three weeks later, President bush used that metaphor complicated Iraq's Saddam Hussein.

together a new political campaign approaches, metaphors of intestinal fortitude, or gutsiness — cool, courageous determination — will certainly be at a premium. No all are suitable in make the antiflinching point; because that example, pole to your guns, very first used in 1881 as a different of was standing to her guns, can backfire ~ above a proponent of pistol control. Stand your ground, however, has actually a stalwart image, especially due to the fact that it was extended beyond military use in "On Liberty" by man Stuart Mill in 1859: "It is not straightforward to see just how it can stand its ground." (A comparable construction, the 17th-century was standing to one's pan-pudding, never recorded on in America and also is unlikely to be encourage by political controversy consultants.)

host the line, however, has actually a quite connotation of military firmness v an overlay the college-football bravado. That is the very same symbolic line together that drawn in the sand, together if in between two stakes in the ground. The related hold the fort suggests that someone rather act with fortitude until assist arrives; the is acquired from a article that Gen. Wilhelm Tecumseh Sherman that the Union military sent to the garrison at Allatoona, Ga., in 1864: "Hold the fort, for ns am coming." lock then drew a heat in the sand, placed their stakes in the ground and stood to their pan-pudding.

opposing of all the above is to transition one's ground, occasionally a necessary maneuver yet inviting the derogation shifty.

NUTRACEUTICALS

A spelling controversy is about to explode about the native that way "a food or component of a food that has actually a medical or health benefit, including the prevention and treatment of disease." plain bread supplemented through calcium, vitamin D, folate, dietary fiber and a shot of St. Johnswort or every little thing becomes a nutraceutical, uneven you choose to spell it nutriceutical, through an i, as in nutrition.

I confirm it out v the coiner, Dr. Stephen L. DeFelice, currently the head that the structure for invention in Medicine. His spokesman defined that the 1989 coinage is assignment nutra, through an a, on the analogy the pharmaceutical, v its Greek source pharmak.

got to directly, however, DeFelice said, "To tell friend the truth, ns was drinking grappa in Rome one day and nutra sounded better than nutri."

that asserts "coiner's privilege," and the enhanced, enriched, jazzed-up food — together both noun and adjective — is assignment nutraceutical.

PHLOGGING IT

"The real writer is one/who yes, really writes," to write the poet Marge Piercy. "Talent/is an development like phlogiston/after the reality of fire."

In "Fooling through Words: A solemn event of Poets and Their Craft," the TV documentarian bill Moyers, quoting this poem, request the author about the an interpretation of the unfamiliar word phlogiston.

"Phlogiston was a pre-19th-century explanation because that why points burned," Piercy replied. "People stated things burned because they contained phlogiston. It always struck me together the perfect instance of a false explanation."

for two decades I have actually awaited who else's use of the word that was rendered obsolete by the exploration of the nature of oxygen. The i can not forget S.J. Perelman, in sending out me his hefty repertoire of hilarious works that the scorned to title "The ideal of" — he decided "The most of S.J.


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See more: How Do You Think The Bathtub Ring Formed ? Michelle Padilla

Perelman" — inscribed it through his great wishes "together with a tiny jar the Antiphlogiston to rub on his deltoids must he read this compendium in bed."

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