French composer Hector Berlioz followed the ideals the 19th century Romanticism in musical developments such together the Symphonie fantastique and La Damnation de Faust.

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Who was Hector Berlioz?

Hector Berlioz rotate his ago on a job in medication to follow his enthusiasm for music, and went on come compose works that denote the innovativeness and search because that expression that were hallmarks of Romanticism. His popular pieces include the Symphonie fantastique and Grande messe des morts. At the period of 65, Berlioz died in Paris on march 8, 1869.


Early Life

Louis-Hector Berlioz to be born on December 11, 1803, in La Côte-St-André, Isère, France (near Grenoble). Hector Berlioz, together he was known, was entranced through music as a child. He learned come play the flute and also guitar, and became a self-taught composer.


Heeding his physician father's wishes, Berlioz saw Paris in 1821 to examine medicine. However, much of his time was invested at the Paris-Opéra, wherein he absorbed Christoph Willibald Gluck's operas. Two years later, he left medicine behind to come to be a composer.

Beginning a career in Music

In 1826, Berlioz enrolled in ~ the Paris Conservatoire. The following year, he observed Harriet Smithson in the role of Ophelia and became captivated through the irish actress. His ardor motivated the Symphonie fantastique (1830), a piece that broke brand-new ground in orchestral expression. Through its use of music come relate a story of no hope passion, it was a hallmark that Romantic composition.


Following three unsuccessful make the efforts to victory the Prix de Rome, Berlioz ultimately succeeded in 1830. ~ spending more than a year in Italy, that headed earlier to Paris, wherein a power of his "fantastic symphony" took ar in 1832. Smithson attend the concert; after meeting the woman who had haunted him, Berlioz married she the following year.


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The 1830s witnessed Berlioz produce an ext of his inventive compositions, such as the symphony Harold en Italie (1834) and the exceptional choral job-related Requiem, Grande messe des morts (1837). However, one opera, Benvenuto Cellini (1838), flopped. Berlioz to be often forced to depend on music criticism and also other writing tasks to make ends meet, though a huge financial gift from violinist Niccolò Paganini assisted him write the choral symphony Roméo et Juliette (1839). That very same year he was appointed as a deputy librarian at the Paris Conservatory. About this time, he began making a comfortable living off of being a music critic, but he found himself feeling artistically frustrated because he was spending much less time working on his own compositions.  

Growing music Success

In the 1840s, touring throughout Europe started to offer Berlioz another resource of income; that was an especially appreciated together a conductor in Germany, Russia and England. Once the production of another choral work, La Damnation de Faust, ended up being a jae won sinkhole after its premiere in 1846, touring again concerned the rescue.


Berlioz found his jae won footing in the 1850s, once his L'Enfance du Christ (1854) was a success and also he was chosen to the Institut de France, thus enabling him to obtain a stipend. He created Les Troyens, inspired by Virgil's Aeneid, in ~ this time, but only obtained to check out a couple of of the opera's acts be performed in 1863. He additionally returned to wilhelm Shakespeare as soon as more, developing the opera Béatrice et Bénédict (based on Much Ado around Nothing), which had actually a effective debut in Germany in 1862.

Later Years and also Legacy

Following an ext European tours, a lonely Berlioz went back to Paris in 1868. His marriage to Smithson had actually not lasted, and his 2nd wife had passed away in 1862. He had lost his just child, Louis, in 1867. In ~ the period of 65, he died in Paris on march 8, 1869.

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Berlioz left behind plenty of innovative compositions the had collection the tone for the Romantic period; despite the originality the his job-related may have actually worked versus him throughout his lifetime, evaluation of his music would proceed to thrive after his death.

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