In the time of The Butterflies, by Julia Alvarez, is a work-related of historic fiction based on the true story of the 4 Mirabal sister who dealt with for flexibility from the dictatorship of Rafael Trujillo in the mid to late 20th century Dominican Republic. Three of the sisters, Patria, Mariá Teresa, and also Minerva, tell their story in first person narration. The fourth sister’s story, Dedé’s, is said by a third person omniscient narrator.

You are watching: In the time of the butterflies sparknotes chapter 1

Part 1 starts in 1994 v Dedé, currently an larger woman, living in her childhood home. She agrees come an interview request at the family members home.

The interviewer arrives and also Dedé explains that Minerva, a year younger than herself, was always concerned through right and also wrong. Patria, a year older than Dedé, was the religious one. And also Mariá Teresa, nine years younger 보다 Minerva, to be twenty-five when she died. Dede recalls a more happiness moment, the moment she phone call “zero.” The family members sits under the anacahuita tree when Papá theatre fortune teller about his daughters’ futures. The subject of Trujillo comes up, and also everyone goes silent. Spies room everywhere.

Minerva begins her story with just how she persuades Papá to permit his three eldest daughters to attend the convent school, Inmaculada Concepción. Over there she meets Sinita and also learns about Trujillo’s corruption and brutality. Lina Lovatón, a college student at the school, is one of Trujillo’s numerous girlfriends. Lina becomes pregnant and is sent to Miami to live in exile.

Minerva and also her friends carry out a skit in former of Trujillo come celebrate the country’s centennial. The power goes awry when Sinita, off script, approaches Trujillo come stab him through an arrow. To do it seem as if the performance had actually been planned that way, Minerva shouts, "¡Viva Trujillo!"

We find out Mariá Teresa’s story v her diary entries. Minerva has actually been sneaking the end of institution to attend an enig meetings of those protest to Trujillo. Once Trujillo’s men arrest a member of Minerva’s dissident group, Minerva buries all evidence of she involvement.

Patria is a spiritual soul. She struggles between spiritual and also earthly desires. She meets Pedrito Gonzalez, drops in love, marries, and has 2 children. Pregnant a 3rd time, she ill a miscarriage, and wonders if God is punishing her for not coming to be a nun. When on a retreat v Mamá, she learns the Papá has actually been unfaithful.

As part 2 begins, Dedé speak the interviewer around Virgilio Morales, or Lío, a special friend that Minerva’s and member of the resistance. Prior to he goes into hiding, Lío gives Dedé a letter because that Minerva questioning her to join him in exile. Dedé reads Lío’s letter and also burns it instead of giving it come Minerva.

Minerva discovers the Papá has a mistress, Carmen, and four youngsters by her. She finds letters from Lío the Papá has actually hidden. Lío wonders why Minerva hasn’t responded to his request that she join him. Minerva confronts her father around his other family and Lío, and also she speak him she owes him no respect.

The family members attends among Trujillo’s parties, and also he suspects that Minerva is conspiring through Virgilio Morales (Lío). That dances obscenely with her, and also she slaps him in the face. The household makes a quick exit, and for the infraction of leave the party before Trujillo, Papá is take away in because that questioning, and Minerva is interrogated. The takes weeks because that Minerva and also Mamá come secure Papá’s release.

Mariá Teresa’s next series of diary entries opens up with the funeral that Papá. It distresses her that his various other family concerned the cemetery, and she decides she hates men. She reports that Minerva has actually met someone special, Manolo.

Mariá Teresa graduates. Minerva and also Manolo have married, have actually a daughter, Minou, and also are component of the nationwide underground that has actually spread across the country. Minerva’s code name is Mariposa (butterfly). Mariá Teresa joins them together Mariposa (#2). She and Leandro, a member of the resistance, fall in love and also are married.

Patria, now married eighteen years, is pregnant v Raul Ernesto. She cares because that Minou, Minerva’s daughter, when Minerva travels for the resistance. After enduring a government bombing, Patria (Mariposa #3) and also Pedrito join the resistance, and also their house becomes the “motherhouse the the movement.”

In component 3, Dedé’s interview ends and Minou arrives and asks why Dedé didn’t sign up with her sisters in the resistance, and also Dedé tells the story:

One day, Dedé’s sisters arrive, wanting she to ask boxes in the cacao ar on the property. Jaimito, Dedé’s husband, claims no. A main later, the an enig police arrest Leandro, and Pedrito, Nelson, and Manolo. A few days later, the secret police arrest Minerva and also Mariá Teresa. Rumors spread that Trujillo desires Minerva killed.

After Minerva and Mariá Teresa space released native prison, Dedé receives note advising her to phone call the butterflies to stop the roadways to Puerto Plata, whereby the men have been transferred.

When us rejoin Patria’s story, Pedrito is in prison. Margarita Mirabal, Papá’s daughter by Carmen, access time Patria. She is able to smuggle note out and also supplies into the jail for Mariá Teresa and also Minerva. Eventually, Patria, Mamá, and Dedé are offered passes to visit the sisters. Nelson, since he is a minor, is released.

Mariá Teresa’s diary explains prison life: your cell, the routine, her friendships, her daydreams about Jacqui, she daughter, and also the horrendous torture she endured.

Minerva defines that she is home, and also on residence arrest. The sisters do weekly prison visits to watch their husbands. Dedé worries around their safety, because that news spreads that Trujillo has two problems, “the damn church and also the Mirabal sisters.”

Officials carry Manolo and also Leandro come Puerto Plata, a much shorter drive yet over a mountain pass. On the sisters’ last pilgrimage to the prison, lights are on in among Trujillo’s exit mansions follow me the pass. Think of ambush cross the sisters’ minds, yet they decision to return house that same evening.

In the Epilogue, Dedé’s story switches to very first person narration. She sisters space dead. World who encountered her sisters on that last day assist her item together what happened. Men confess to killing them, and also to pushing your Jeep over the cliff. The transformation continues, Trujillo is assassinated, and also the brand-new president assures to rebuild the nation. However there is a coup, and also Manolo die fighting yet another revolution. Dedé need to tell Minou that her dad is dead.

See more: How Much Is 200 Pesos In American Dollars (Usd), 200 Mxn To Usd

In 1994, Dedé is the oracle of the Mirabal story. Informing the story helps she understand. Dedé and Jaimito divorce, and Dedé survives chest cancer. When again the winner of the prize expedition at work, she’ll go to Canada this year, to find the guy she had actually met last year in Barcelona. To uncover love.