Would you choose to know about Spanish numbers, and how to count from 1-100 in Spanish?
In this article, i share whatever you have to know around numbers in Spanish. Ns cover what the Spanish number are, examples of just how to use them, and also so much more.
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In instance you were wondering just how to to speak “numbers” in Spanish, the números. words for “number” in Spanish is número.
So, let\"s find out some números, beginning with Spanish cardinal numbers!
Spanish because that Numbers 1-10
Let\"s begin with the basics. Right here are the cardinal numbers in Spanish native 1-10:
1 – uno2 – dos3 – tres4 – cuatro5 – cinco6 – seis7 – siete8 – ocho9 – nueve10 – diez
1 – 100 Spanish Numbers
Now because that the Spanish number 1 come 100. After you\"ve read these, I\"ll describe some tricks for remembering them.
|1 uno||2 dos||3 tres||4 cuatro||5 cinco|
|6 seis||7 siete||8 ocho||9 nueve||10 diez|
|11 once||12 doce||13 trece||14 catorce||15 quince|
|16 dieciséis||17 diecisiete||18 dieciocho||19 diecinueve||20 veinte|
|21 veintiuno||22 veintidós||23 veintitrés||24 veinticuatro||25 veinticinco|
|26 veintiséis||27 veintisiete||28 veintiocho||29 veintinueve||30 treinta|
|31 treinta y uno||32 treinta y dos||33 treinta y tres||34 treinta y cuatro||35 treinta y cinco|
|36 treinta y seis||37 treinta y siete||38 treinta y ocho||39 treinta y nueve||40 cuarenta|
|41 cuarenta y uno||42 cuarenta y dos||43 cuarenta y tres||44 cuarenta y cuatro||45 cuarenta y cinco|
|46 cuarenta y seis||47 cuarenta y siete||48 cuarenta y ocho||49 cuarenta y nueve||50 cincuenta|
|51 cincuenta y uno||52 cincuenta y dos||53 cincuenta y tres||54 cincuenta y cuatro||55 cincuenta y cinco|
|56 cincuenta y seis||57 cincuenta y siete||58 cincuenta y ocho||59 cincuenta y nueve||60 sesenta|
|61 sesenta y uno||62 sesenta y dos||63 sesenta y tres||64 sesenta y cuatro||65 sesenta y cinco|
|66 sesenta y seis||67 sesenta y siete||68 sesenta y ocho||69 sesenta y nueve||70 setenta|
|71 setenta y uno||72 setenta y dos||73 setenta y tres||74 setenta y cuatro||75 setenta y cinco|
|76 setenta y seis||77 setenta y siete||78 setenta y ocho||79 setenta y nueve||80 ochenta|
|81 ochenta y uno||82 ochenta y dos||83 ochenta y tres||84 ochenta y cuatro||85 ochenta y cinco|
|86 ochenta y seis||87 ochenta y siete||88 ochenta y ocho||89 ochenta y nueve||90 noventa|
|91 noventa y uno||92 noventa y dos||93 noventa y tres||94 noventa y cuatro||95 noventa y cinco|
|96 noventa y seis||97 noventa y siete||98 noventa y ocho||99 noventa y nueve||100 cien|
Take a look at and try to clues the patterns. I recommend you monitor these measures to get all the numbers right into your head:Learn the numbers for 1-15. There\"s no genuine pattern, you just need to learn them: uno, dos, tres, cuatro, cinco, seis, siete, ocho, nueve, diez, once, doce, trece, catorce, quince. find out the numbers because that the multiples that ten: veinte, treinta, cuarenta, cincuenta, sesenta, setenta, ochenta, noventa. A couple of tips to help you remember: • various other than veinte, lock all finish in -enta • various other than veinte (again), lock all have a clear connection with the related smaller number: cuatro cuarenta, ocho ochenta, etc.
Then, you deserve to fill in the gaps with a straightforward formula:For numbers from 16-19, take the rightmost digit and also say “diez + y + (digit)”. E.g. 17 = “diez + y + siete” = “diez y siete”, which contract to diecisiete. This is lot like exactly how in English 16 is “six-ten” i.e. “sixteen”.For numbers over twenty, just take the “tens” number (veinte, treinta, etc.) and also the “ones” number (uno, dos, etc.) and stick y (“and”) in the middle. E.g. 31 = “thirty and one” = treinta y uno.The just extra thing to be conscious of is the numbers native 21-29 acquire contracted right into a solitary word – so instead of “veinte y cuatro”, it\"s “veinticuatro”.
Finally, nothing forget:zero – cero (this one should be easy to remember!)100 – cien (note the attach with English words like “century” or “percent“.)
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Counting Spanish number 1 – 1000+
For numbers from 100 come 199, usage ciento:101 – ciento uno129 – ciento veintinueve195 – ciento noventa y cinco
(Note that you don\"t need to add y after ciento – it\"s ciento uno, no ciento y uno.)
For numbers from 200 to 999, girlfriend must an initial learn the multiples of 100.200 – doscientos300 – trescientos400 – cuatrocientos500 – quinientos600 – seiscientos700 – setecientos800 – ochocientos900 – novecientos
These numbers have masculine and feminine forms, and also so they should agree through the noun:setecientas personas – “seven hundred people”ochocientos libros = “eight hundreds books”
The only two new words you need to find out are mil (1,000) and also un millón (1,000,000).
Note: 1,000 is mil, no un mil. For un millón, friend can\"t leave out the un.
The just time you\"ll view un mil is in numbers favor cuarenta y un mil (41,000). You must put one un in this number to differentiate it from cuarenta mil (40,000).
Forming brand-new numbers with mil and also un millón is quite straightforward as well:1,000 – mil1,001 – mil uno (not “mil y uno”!)1,686 – mil seiscientos ochenta y seis2,001 – dos mil uno20,000 – veinte mil100,000 – cien mil483,382 – cuatrocientos ochenta y tres mil trescientos ochenta y dos1,000,000 – un millón6,492,000 – seis millones cuatrocientos noventa y dos mil
Finally, keep in mind that as soon as you\"re making use of un millón or millones through a noun, you should use de. For example, “one million books” is un millón de libros. Literally, “one million of books”.
Billions and Trillions in Spanish (They’re no What girlfriend Think)
What do you think the Spanish indigenous billón and also trillón mean? Did girlfriend guess “billion” and also “trillion”? Sadly, points aren\"t that simple.
In the English-speaking world, a “billion” is one thousand millions (1,000,000,000) and also a “trillion” is one thousands billions (1,000,000,000,000). In various other words, every “step up” requires multiplying by 1,000.
Not everyone does it favor this! Our way is called the “short scale” numbering system. But many countries about the world – consisting of most Spanish-speaking nations – use the “long scale” system.
In this system, a “billion” is one million millions, and also a “trillion” is one million billions. Fairly than multiply by a thousand every time, you main point by a million.
So Spanish words prefer billón don\"t “match up” v their English counterparts like you can expect:un millón – one million = 1,000,000un millardo (or “mil millones”) – one billion = 1,000,000,000un billón – one sunshine = 1,000,000,000,000mil billones – one quadrillion = 1,000,000,000,000,000un trillón – one quintillion = 1,000,000,000,000,000,000
(By the way, in the past, American English supplied the short-scale device while brothers English offered the long-scale system. This is no much longer true – all dialects that English now use the short-scale system.)
How perform You express Spanish Numbers?
So exactly how do you to speak Spanish numbers? If you have actually trouble pronouncing the words, then take a listen to this video:
Spanish because that “One”: Un, Uno, or Una?
Spanish doesn\"t distinguish in between “one” and “a” in the same means that English does. Un libro have the right to mean “a book” or “one book”.
When you think around it, those 2 phrases mean the very same thing; the only distinction is in emphasis.
But the word uno transforms to match the gender of the noun the describes. Before a feminine noun, it i do not care una. Before a masculine noun, girlfriend drop the o and just usage un.
Some examples:Un libro – “a book/one book”. Autumn the “o” from uno since it\"s complied with by a masculine noun.Una mesa – “a table/one table”. Adjust uno come una because it\"s complied with by a feminine noun.Tengo uno – “I have one”. Uno is unchanged because it\"s not complied with by a noun.“¿Hay preguntas?” “Solo una.” – “Any questions?” “Only one”. In this case, you use una since you\"re introduce to a pregunta (“question”), which is a feminine word.
Spanish for 100: Cien or Ciento?
The number 100 deserve to be interpreted into Spanish as either cien or ciento. What\"s the difference?
You must use cien as soon as you have exactly one hundreds of something:Cien personas – one hundred peopleCien libros – one hundreds books
Use ciento as part of a bigger number, favor ciento uno because that “one hundred and also one”.
Breaking up Spanish Numbers: Dots or Commas?
In English, it\"s typical to rest up huge numbers through a comma every 3 digits to aid readability. So instead of composing “1048710123901”, we compose “1,048,710,123,901”.
We additionally mark the decimal suggest with a dot, so “one half” is “0.5”.
Be careful! In Spanish-speaking countries – together in many other parts of the people – these conventions are reversed. They usage a comma because that decimals and also break up large numbers v dots. Or, they put a an are between every 3 digits.
So my two examples over would be created as “1.048.710.123.901” (or “1 048 710 123 901”) and also “0,5”.
How to Say “…and a Half” in Spanish
In English, we regularly abbreviate the names of numbers by saying “… and a half”, “… and a third”, and so on.
So instead of saying “two thousand 5 hundred”, an English speaker could say “two and also a half thousand”. Rather of “one million five hundred thousand”, they can say “one and a fifty percent million”.
I often notice Spanish human being getting this wrong when they speak English. They placed the “and a half” in the wrong place – rather of speak (for example) “one and a fifty percent million”, they to speak “one million and also a half”. That\"s due to the fact that they\"re translating straight from just how they\"d say in Spanish – un millón y medio.
Try not to make the the contrary mistake once you speak Spanish. Say un millón y medio, not un y medio millón.
Ordinal numbers in Spanish
So far I’ve just talked about cardinal number – one, two, three, etc. You also need to discover the ordinal numbers – first, second, third, fourth, etc.
Here are the first ten:
Ordinal numbers are adjectives that need to agree v the noun. However unlike most Spanish adjectives, they walk before the noun, not after:el segundo libro – “the 2nd book”las primeras flores – “the very first flowers”
Note the primero and tercero autumn the “o” before a singular woman noun:el inside wall día – “the an initial day”el tercer hijo – “the 3rd son”
To kind ordinal numbers over 10, girlfriend must learn the numbers because that the multiples of ten:
Then fill in the gaps through combining numbers from the above two tables, such together vigésimo segundo for “22nd”.
Remember that both parts of the number must agree v the noun: “the 22nd person” would certainly be la vigésima segunda persona.
For numbers from “11th” come “19th”, it’s more common to create them as one word than two. Such as decimoprimero because that “11th”.
Examples of how to usage Spanish Numbers
You’ve learned the numbers, however how execute you usage them? ~ all, over there are countless instances whereby we usage numbers everyday. Things choose time, the date, ours age, etc.
So right here are some examples to help you obtain started:
Time:1:10 – la una treinta3:25 – las tres vienticinco
Date:September 10 – el diez de septiembreJanuary 1 – el primero de enero
Age:10 years old – (tener) diez años37 year old – (tener) treinta y siete
As Adjectives:Two books – dos libros300 flower – trescientas flores
Prices:$2.20 – dos
Math:3 + 3 = 6 – tres más tres boy seis10 – 2 = 8 – diez menos dos kid ocho
Numbers in Spanish: how Do You find out Them?
Here’s a funny story around Spanish numbers:
In 2008 the American football player Chad Johnson legally changed his last name to “Ochocinco”. This brand-new moniker to be a reference to his jersey number: 85. The trouble – as you’ll now know – is the ocho-cinco doesn\"t average “eighty-five”. The correct Spanish is ochenta y cinco. It\"s unknown even if it is Chad was conscious of this mistake as soon as he make the name change. (In 2012, he readjusted his critical name back to “Johnson”.)
Now you’ve check out this article, you’re no going to make a mistake like that.
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