Catholic heritage tells us that Jesus fell three times under the load of the overcome on His way to Calvary. Ns wish to understand if any kind of studies based upon historical proof have been conducted by Catholic Church ~ above the dimensions and also weight that the cross that Jesus bore. For instance, was the cross made the dry timber or out of fresh felled tree ?


How lot did the cross of Jesus weigh?

30At that time ‘they will say to the mountains, “Fall ~ above us!” and to the hills, “Cover us!”’ 31For if men do these things while the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?” 32Two others, that were criminals, were likewise led far to be executed with Jesus.… - Luke 23:30-32

The overcome on which our Savior to be crucified appears to it is in made of pine:

A microscopic examination the the fragments of the cross scattered through the human being in the form of relics expose the reality that it was made indigenous a pine-tree (Rohault de Fleury, "Mémoire sur les tools de la Passion", Paris, 1870, 63). According to an ancient, but somewhat dubious, legacy the overcome of Jesus Christ measure up in length an extremely nearly 189 inches (4.80 metres), from 90½ come 102½ inch (2.30 come 2.60 metres). As provided by the Evangelists, two thieves were crucified, one ~ above either side of Christ. Their the cross must have resembled the one on which he suffered; in Christian art and tradition castle generally appear lower (St. Man Chrysostom, Hom. I, xxvi, on i Cor.; on Rom., v, 5). A large portion that the overcome of the good thief (traditionally known as Dismas) is kept at Rome in the altar the the Chapel the the Relics at Santa Croce in Gerusalemme. - The crucifixion the Jesus Christ (Catholic Encyclopedia)

There are no precise figures accessible as to what the Cross truly weighed, yet tradition is that Jesus only brought the hefty patibulum, the crossbar to the ar of crucifixion.

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In man 19:17, John says Jesus carried the cross while in Matthew 27:32, note 15:21 and Luke 23:26 we are educated that Simon the Cyrene aided Jesus to bring the cross. There room no exact figures top top the weight of the cross. It is thought to have been make of solid lumber , therefore the totality cross is estimated to be over 300 pounds (136 kilograms) if the crossbar is approximated to be approximately 70-90 pounds (32-41 kilograms). - What is the weight of the cross that Jesus carried?

This short article puts the weight of Christ’s crossbar from 75-125 lbs or 34-57kgs); 5-6 ft lengthy (or 1.5-1.8 m long).Jesus most likely only lugged the patibulum part of the Cross:

The illustration is mentioned, without much detail, in all the canonical Gospels: Matthew 27:31–33, mark 15:20–22, Luke 23:26–32 and also John 19:16–18. Just John specifically states Jesus carried his cross, and also all however John incorporate Simon the Cyrene, that was recruited by the soldiers from the crowd to bring or help carry the cross. Modern-day scholars, adhering to descriptions of criminals moving crossbars through Plautus and also Plutarch, frequently take the Gospel description as an interpretation Jesus, then Simon, brought only a heavy patibulum, the crossbar, come a pole, stipes, which to be permanently driven right into the ground in ~ Golgotha. However, in Christian imagery Jesus, and also Simon, bring the finish cross—both patibulum and stipes. - Christ moving the Cross


Christ in ~ the cross by Carl Bloch, painting c. 1870

Many Catholics organize that our Lord"s Cross to be low to the ground as the above painting suggests and also that He was pierced with a lance and also not a spear together is generally displayed in numerous Crucifixion scenes.

Biblical references:

The lance (Greek: λόγχη, lonkhē) is discussed in the Gospel of man (19:31–37), yet not the Synoptic Gospels. The gospel claims that the Romans to plan to rest Jesus" legs, a practice well-known as crurifragium, which was a an approach of hastening fatality during a crucifixion. Just prior to they walk so, castle realized that Jesus was currently dead and that there to be no factor to rest his legs. To make sure that he was dead, a roman soldier (named in extra-Biblical tradition as Longinus) stabbed the in the side.

One of the soldiers pierced his side v a lance (λόγχη), and immediately there came out blood and also water. — John 19:34

Holy Lance (Wikipedia)


Three species of crosses frequently used by the roman inn army

Pictured are three types of crosses frequently used by the Roman military in the very first century A.D. Each brought an engraving stating the victim"s funding offense and a seat-like projection, not designed for the victim"s comfort, but to extend their agony. Nails and also ropes organized the victim"s legs and arms in place.

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The overcome on the left was dubbed a “high tau” cross due to the fact that it to be shaped favor the resources Greek letter tau (“T”). The middle cross was known as a “low tau” cross, shaped prefer the lower instance tau (“t”). In both cases the main post to be generally set permanently in the ground while the overcome bar was carried to the website by the victim. The cross on the right was an yes, really tree quiet in the ground (dead or alive) v its limbs serving together the cross bar. Jesus was most likely crucified top top a “low tau” type cross. - What type of cross to be Jesus crucified on?

I would like to introduce the adhering to books:

A medical professional at Calvary: The enthusiasm of Our lord Jesus Christ as defined by a surgeon by Pierre Barbet M.D. Come those who genuinely desire what the physics sufferings Our mr went v in his Crucifixion. It is not for the squeamish.

Another medical professional at Calvary What does medicine tell us around the passion of our Lord?Thomas McGovern, MD