In teaching Flat aircraft Shapes and also Solid Shapes, we discover different qualities for flat and solid shapes. This lesson extends those concepts by having students identify and count specific attributes of heavy shapes, such together vertices or edges. The is designed for students in qualities K–1 however can be extended or streamlined to readjust for her students’ readiness.

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Objective: In this lesson, college student will check out the parts that consist of solid figures.

Lesson: Identify and also Analyze hard Figures

Materials: One rectangle-shaped prism, cube, sphere, cone, cylinder, and also pyramid because that each group of students.

Preparation: distribution solid numbers to groups of students.

Prerequisite skills and Background: students should be able to recognize and name heavy figures.

Say: A face is a level surface of a hard object. Show students the idea by holding increase a solid thing such as a rectangular prism and also asking if anyone have the right to identify a face of the object.Say: Put the other solid figures aside for now.Ask: Which solid number has encounters that are rectangles? (rectangular prism)Say: Count the number of faces a rectangle-shaped prism has. Note each face as you count. To note the encounters temporarily, use stickers or difficult notes. Copy the table listed below as students are working so the all students can see it.

Teacher Tips:

For your materials, if possible, usage real civilization examples that relate to your students’ interests. For example, if few of your students play a sport that supplies a spherical ball, you can make castle a group and also use the ball.Because so much of this lesson relies on analyzing and evaluating physical objects, it works well because that students who are visually impaired. In location of the table below, explain what info you are looking for and also have students define the same info for every of the solid figures.
Ask: How countless faces go a rectangular prism have? (6) document 6 ~ above the table.Say: The heat segment where two deals with meet is an edge. Hold increase a hard figure and also show students an example of an edge. count the number of edges a rectangle-shaped prism has. Mark each edge together you count. Comparable to faces, usage a marker, stickers, or difficult notes.Ask: How countless edges walk a rectangle-shaped prism have? (12) record 12 ~ above the table.Say: The suggest where edges meet is a vertex. Counting the variety of vertices a rectangle-shaped prism has. Mark every vertex together you count.Ask: How countless vertices go a rectangle-shaped prism have? (8) record 8 on the table.Have students uncover the variety of faces, edges, and also vertices of a cube and also a pyramid. Document the answers in the table.

Teacher Tip: for students no yet prepared for the mathematics vocabulary provided here, you can use side rather of edge and corner rather of vertex.


Ask: Why execute you think that a rectangular prism and a cube have actually the same number of faces, edges, and vertices? Lead students to realize the the encounters of a rectangle-shaped prism and a cube space all rectangles, but in the situation of the cube, the rectangles room squares. A cube is a special form of rectangle-shaped prism.

Faces, Edges, and also Vertices for curved Surfaces

Say: Take the end your solid numbers that have curved surfaces. Look in ~ the sphere.Ask: Does a sphere have any kind of edges or vertices? (no) Why not?This is not a an easy question and requires thinking critically around what an leaf or crest is. For example, countless real-world objects the we speak to spheres, such together soccer balls, are in fact complex solid shapes with numerous edges and vertices. Consider using think-pair-share, wherein students separately think with their reasoning, re-superstructure it through a partner, and also then you facilitate a discussion approximately how a sphere has actually no faces, so it can not have any kind of edges, and because it has no edges, it can’t have any kind of vertices.Say: Look in ~ the cone.Ask: Does a cone have any kind of edges? (no) Why not? Again, take into consideration using think-pair-share. Prevent telling students that they are best or wrong. Instead, lead them to check out that a cone only has one face, and also you need much more than one challenge to type an edge.Ask: Does a cone have any type of vertices? Lead college student to check out that a cone has actually no edge (at the very least no straight ones!), yet the point where the surface of the cone ends is called the vertex of the cone.Say: Look at the cylinder.Ask: Does a cylinder have any kind of edges or vertices? (no) Why not? Although a cylinder has two faces, the faces don’t meet, for this reason there room no edge or vertices.

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Wrap-Up and Assessment Hints

To assess students’ understanding, you could introduce a brand-new solid shape, such as a triangular prism, and have students fill out an additional row that the chart.

To explore an ext attributes of consistent solid figures, ask questions such together the following:

Which solid figures have opposite faces that space parallel? (rectangular prism, cube, cylinder)Which solid numbers have opposite faces that space congruent? (rectangular prism, cube, cylinder, pyramid)Which solid number has every congruent faces? (cube)

Through questioning methods such as these, you will have the ability to judge her students’ understanding of hard figures. Because that students who space ready, you deserve to ask concerns that big into higher grade standards and also promote a deeper expertise of solid figures:

What would the cross-section that a solid look like? how would it readjust depending ~ above what edge you use?How can you figure out how much fluid it would require to fill increase the shape?

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Looking for more complimentary kindergarten and an initial grade mathematics lessons and activities? check out our ever-growing library right here on Shaped!