Element Copper - Cu

Comprehensive data on the chemical aspect Copper is noted on this page; consisting of scores the properties, aspect names in numerous languages, most recognized nuclides the Copper. Typical chemical compounds room also provided for countless elements. In enhancement technical terms are linked to their definitions and the menu has links to related posts that space a good aid in one"s studies.

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Copper Menu

Copper web page OneOverview that CopperCopper"s name in various other LanguagesAtomic structure of CopperChemical properties of CopperPhysical properties of CopperRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowCopper web page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parent NuclidesCopper page ThreeCommon chemical Compounds that Copper

Overview of Copper

Atomic Number: 29Group: 11Period: 4Series: change Metals

Copper"s name in various other Languages

Latin: CuprumCzech: Měd´Croatian: BakarFrench: CuivreGerman: Kupfer - eItalian: RameNorwegian: KobberPortuguese: CobreRussian: МедьSpanish: CobreSwedish: KopparAtomic structure of CopperAtomic Radius: 1.57ÅAtomic Volume: 7.1cm3/molCovalent Radius: 1.17ÅCross Section (Thermal ghost Capture)σa/barns: 3.78Crystal Structure: Cubic challenge centered
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Electron Configuration:1s2 2s2p6 3s2p6d10 4s1Electrons per power Level: 2,8,18,1Shell Model
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Ionic Radius:
0.73ÅFilling Orbital: 3d10Number of electrons (with no charge): 29Number of neutron (most common/stable nuclide): 35Number the Protons: 29Oxidation States: 2,1Valence Electrons: 3d10 4s1

Chemical properties of Copper

Electrochemical Equivalent: 1.1855g/amp-hrElectron occupational Function: 4.65eVElectronegativity: 1.9 (Pauling); 1.75 (Allrod Rochow)Heat that Fusion: 13.05kJ/molIncompatibilities:Oxidizers, alkalis, salt azide, acetyleneIonization PotentialFirst: 7.726Second: 20.292Third: 36.83Valence Electron Potential (-eV): 34

Physical nature of Copper

Atomic massive Average: 63.546Boiling Point: 2840K 2567°C 4653°FCoefficient of lineal heat expansion/K-1: 16.5E-6ConductivityElectrical: 0.596 106/cm ΩThermal: 4.01 W/cmKDensity: 8.96g/cc
300KDescription: reddish orange transition metal.Elastic Modulus:Bulk: 137.8/GPaRigidity: 48.3/GPaYoungs: 129.8/GPaEnthalpy that Atomization: 338.9 kJ/mole
25°CEnthalpy the Fusion: 13.01 kJ/moleEnthalpy of Vaporization: 304.6 kJ/moleFlammablity Class: Non-combustible heavy (except as dust)Freezing Point: see melt pointHardness ScaleBrinell: 874 MN m-2Mohs: 3Vickers: 369 MN m-2Heat that Vaporization: 300.3kJ/molMelting Point: 1357.75K 1084.6°C 1984.3°FMolar Volume: 7.11 cm3/moleOptical Reflectivity: 90%Physical State (at 20°C & 1atm): SolidSpecific Heat: 0.38J/gKVapor Pressure = 0.0505Pa
1084.6°C

Regulatory / Health

CAS Number7440-50-8RTECS: GL5325000NFPA 704Health: 2Fire: Reactivity:Special Hazard: OSHA allow Exposure limit (PEL)TWA: 1 mg/m3OSHA PEL Vacated 1989TWA: 1 mg/m3NIOSH encourage Exposure limit (REL)TWA: 1 mg/m3IDLH: 100 mg/m3 Routes that Exposure: Inhalation; Ingestion; Skin and/or eye contactTarget Organs: Eyes, skin, respiratory tract system, liver, kidneys (increase(d) hazard with Wilson"s disease)Levels In Humans:Note: this data represents normally occuring level of facets in the usual human, the DOES NOT stand for recommended everyday allowances.Blood/mg dm-3: 1.01Bone/p.p.m: 1-26Liver/p.p.m: 30Muscle/p.p.m: 10Daily diet Intake: 0.50-6 mgTotal massive In Avg. 70kg human: 72 mg

Who / where / once / How

Discoverer: well-known to ancient civilizationDiscovery Location: UnknownDiscovery Year: UnknownName Origin:Latin: cyprium (island that Cyprus famous for that copper mines).Abundance of Copper:Earth"s Crust/p.p.m.: 50Seawater/p.p.m.: Atlantic Suface: 0.00008Atlantic Deep: 0.00012Pacific Surface: 0.00008Pacific Deep: 0.00028Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/ASun (Relative come H=1E12): 1.15Sources of Copper:Pure copper occurs rarely in nature. Normally copper uncovered in such minerals as azurite, malachite and bornite and also in sulfides as in chalcopyrite (CuFeS2), coveline (CuS), chalcosine (Cu2S) or oxides choose cuprite (Cu2O). Copper is acquired by smelting, leaching and by electrolysis. Annual world manufacturing is around 6,540,000 tons. Main mining areas are in USA, Zaire, Zambia, Canada, Chile, Cyprus, Russia and Australia.Uses of Copper:Most regularly used together an electrical conductor. Its alloys are used in jewelry, bronze sculptures and for coins. The skin that the Statue that Liberty is do of copper.Additional Notes:Copper is a very interesting element. It is one of the change elements that actually provides electrons from one of the within orbitals in chemistry reactions. In addition, it has an ext than one oxidation state. Like many of the shift elements, copper has a colored ion. Copper generally forms a bluish eco-friendly solution. Copper (Cu) has two valences Cu i (cuprous) has actually one valence electron and also Cu II (cupric) has two valence electrons. Copper was one of the earliest well-known metals, having reportedly to be mined because that over 5000 years. In nature it has actually two isotopes, 63 (69.09%), which has actually 29 electrons and also protons and 34 neutrons, and also 65 (30.91%), which has actually 29 electrons and protons and also 36 neutrons. Brass and also bronze room alloys of copper.

Copper Menu

Copper page OneOverview of CopperCopper"s surname in other LanguagesAtomic framework of CopperChemical nature of CopperPhysical properties of CopperRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowCopper web page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parent NuclidesCopper web page ThreeCommon chemistry Compounds of Copper

References

A list of reference sources provided to compile the data noted on our regular table of aspects can be uncovered on the key periodic table page.

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