Symbol: TiAtomic Number: 22Atomic Weight: 47.867Classification: transition metalPhase in ~ Room Temperature: SolidDensity: 4.506 grams per cm cubedMelting Point: 1668°C, 3034°FBoiling Point: 3287°C, 5949°FDiscovered by: wilhelm Gregor in 1791. An initial pure titanium produced by M. A. Hunter in 1910.Titanium is the very first element in the 4th column that the regular table. That is classified as a shift metal. Titanium atoms have actually 22 electrons and 22 protons.Characteristics and also PropertiesUnder standard conditions titanium is a hard, light, silvery metal. In ~ room temperature it deserve to be brittle, but it becomes an ext malleable at greater temperatures.One the titanium"s most beneficial qualities is the high strength-to-weight ratio. This method it is both very strong, but also really light. The is double as strong as aluminum, yet only weighs 60% more. That is likewise as strong as steel, yet weighs lot less.Titanium is relatively inactive and is really resistant to corrosion from various other elements and substances favor acids and also oxygen. It has actually a reasonably low electrical and also thermal conductivity.Where is titanium found on Earth?Titanium is not uncovered as a pure aspect in nature, but is discovered in link as part of mineral in the Earth"s crust. That is the ninth many abundant element in the Earth"s crust. The most essential minerals because that mining titanium are rutile and ilmenite. The optimal producing countries of these ores are Australia, southern Africa, and also Canada.

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How is titanium used today?
The bulk of titanium is provided in the kind of titanium dioxide (TiO2). Titanium dioxide is a an extremely white powder that has a variety of industrial uses consisting of white paint, paper, plastics, and cements.Titanium is used to alloy with different metals such as iron, aluminum, and manganese whereby it help to produce strong and lightweight alloys for usage in spacecraft, naval ships, missiles, and also as armor plating. The resistance to corrosion makes it especially advantageous in sea water applications.Another an important characteristic the titanium is that it is biocompatible. This way that it will certainly not it is in rejected through the human being body. This quality, coupled through its strength, durability, and also light weight, make titanium an excellent material for clinical use. The is supplied in miscellaneous applications such together hip replacements and dental implants. Titanium is likewise used in jewelry to do rings and watches.How to be it discovered?Titanium was very first recognized together a new element by Reverend william Gregor in 1791. The English clergyman delighted in studying minerals as a hobby. He named the element menachanite. The surname was later changed to titanium by German chemist M.H. Kalproth. The an initial pure titanium was developed by American chemist M. A. Hunter in 1910.Where go titanium acquire its name?Titanium it s okay its names from the Titans who were Greek gods.IsotopesTitanium has 5 stable isotopes consisting of titanium-46, 47, 48, 49, and 50. The bulk of titanium discovered in nature is in the form of the isotope titanium-48.Interesting Facts around TitaniumIt is the only facet that will certainly burn in pure nitrogen gas.Titanium containers are used to store nuclear waste.It is found in meteorites, ~ above the Moon, and in some varieties of stars.The Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain is covered with titanium plated tiles.
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