First of all, if you are a brand brand-new beekeeper, please consider purchasing a nuc. Check out Lesson 1: Nucs and Packages. You will have more success through a nuc. Promise. Then next year, when you are addicted to bees, obtain some packages.
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If girlfriend have made decision on packages (find our more about packages here), girlfriend will have actually the option of 2- or 3-pound packages (sometimes 4-pounders too). One of two people package size can yield a effective beehive. It is a monitoring decision, and this short article describes some points to think around while making that decision.
Packaged bees space measured by the pound. There room 3-4,000 bees per pound, or about 7,000 bees in a 2-pound package and around 10,000 bees in a 3-pound package. (Honestly, no one yes, really counts the bees!) The early worker bees in the package space not offspring that the queen, and may be any kind of breed. They room usually Italian, as Italians are known to develop up fast.
Once the package is in the hive, the 2- or 3-pounds of early stage worker bees get to work. They attract out comb, collect nectar and pollen, and also the queen starts laying eggs, and those eggs start to mature and emerge. That takes around 21 days because that the egg to prosper into a bee. Meanwhile, the initial work pressure will gradually die off, hopefully to be changed by young bees. The arising bees room offspring that the queen, and will be true to the queen and also her mates.
If the weather is an excellent (sunny/warm), bees gather nectar and also pollen for the upcoming brood. Much more workers deserve to gather more nectar and pollen and also can care for more brood. This can give a head start to 3-pound packages.
If the weather is bad (wet/cold), which generally happens in a Utah springtime, beekeepers will must feed bees. An ext workers mean more mouths to feed, and an ext time because that the beekeeper at each apiary. (This becomes more of an concern with enhancing hive numbers.) Packaged bees are offered to having plenty come eat, as they come from sunny California (or the South). Thus, a 2-pound package have the right to be simpler to feed in the springtime.
The queen bee will lay as countless eggs together bees can treatment for. Caring for eggs is typically a job for newly arised nurse bees. She can only increase her brood room so much with the initial parcel workers. 2 pounds of employees will increase to cover around 4 deep frames. (“Cover” way they will certainly take care of egg laid in the comb, precise “cover” the room with their little bee bodies.) three pounds of workers will broaden the brood room to cover about 5 frames. At that point, the development stalls out because there are no brand-new emerging nurse bees to treatment for a bigger brood chamber. Once the very first set of new bees emerges, the hive really takes off.
If us conservatively say that the queen have the right to lay 1,000 egg a day, then it would just take her 3 job to comprise the difference between a 2-pound package and also a 3-pound package. About 4-6 weeks after ~ the package is hived, you won’t an alert any difference between 2- and 3-pound packages. They will certainly have similar bee numbers and achieve the exact same amount that work.
This administration decision yes, really only impacts the first 4-6 mainly of growth. The 3-pound package has actually a slight benefit in great weather. The 2-pound has an advantage to the beekeeper in poor weather.
And climate there is price. In 2013, 3-pound packages expense $75, and 2-pounders were $65. The $10 distinction is far-ranging if you space buying, to speak 30 hives. The would save you $300.
Because of the price difference, we usage 2-pound packages because that our operation and they occupational well. Over thousands of hives, there is no far-reaching difference in between the 2 sizes after 6 weeks. Also, 2-pound packages space standard in the beekeeping industry.
We start our 2-pound packages in a nuc box (like the great barn hive below) till they to fill up the space, and also then transport to a standard 10-frame hive.
Posted in Beekeeping, the Honey company and tagged box, boxes, deep, obtaining started, honeybee biology, medium, nuc, package, spring.
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