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March 06, 2018


La donna

Woman

Italy celebrates la festa della donna (Woman’s Day) on march 8, when husbands, boyfriends and also bosses existing the females in their resides with bouquets that yellow mimosa. This global celebration is a fairly recent invention, produced in 1911, yet la donna has constantly played a complex, vital role in Italian life -- and language.

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No one might have understood this better than Nicolò Tommaseo, a nineteenth-century essayist and iconoclast whose passions contained women and also words. He demonstrated his devotion to the last by translate in the Dizionario dei sinonimi, one encyclopedic narrative thesaurus of Italian synonyms, published in 1864, and unmatched in any type of other language and also literature. Italian alone, that contended—and in certain the Tuscan language that shaped the language—captures sfumature (nuances), the exact same word Italian offers for the subtle brush strokes that artists like Leonardo da Vinci.

In Italian, for instance, a donna can additionally be a:

*donna allegra or donna di facili costumi -- a woman of simple virtue

*donna di casa -- housewife (also called a casalinga)

*donna di mondo -- worldly, innovative woman

*donna di servizio –-housemaid, residential help

*prima donna -- leading lady

*donnina -- clever or cautious girl

*donnino -- womanly or mature girl who takes on adult responsibilities despite her young age

*donnetta -- typical or simple woman, additionally an old maid or a woman of no value

*donnaccia -- bad-tempered woman, tart, prostitute

*donnone -- tall, imposing or big woman

*donnicciola -- basic or stupid woman. Gossip, or if provided for a man, sissy or coward

A donnaiolo, however, is no lady, but a ladies’ man or womanizer.

Tommaseo more distinguished in between una donna cattiva and una cattiva donna. (English speakers would translate both together a poor woman.) However, the phrases do not have actually the same meaning in Italian. Una cattiva donna dresses badly and presents it s her poorly, when una donna cattiva is spiteful and also full of malice. Either could be una cattiva moglie (bad wife), who isn’t great at to run a household and caring for a family, or una moglie cattiva, through a typical or evil spirit.

Words and also Expressions:

Fare la primadonna -- come act prefer a prima donna

Chi dice donna dice danno disse Dante -- Who says woman states damage, said Dante (women are synonymous through harm)

Quel che donna vuole Dio lo vuole -- What mrs wants, God wants

Né donna, né tela a lume di candela -- select neither a woman nor linen by candlelight (to stop a nasty surprised the following morning)

Dianne Hales is the author of MONA LISA: A Life found and LA BELLA LINGUA: mine Love Affair v Italian, the World's most Romantic Language.

 


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La donna

Woman

Italy celebrates la festa della donna (Woman’s Day) on march 8, as soon as husbands, boyfriends and bosses existing the ladies in their lives with bouquets of yellow mimosa. This global celebration is a relatively recent invention, developed in 1911, but la donna has always played a complex, an important role in Italian life -- and language.

No one may have taken this much better than Nicolò Tommaseo, a nineteenth-century essayist and iconoclast whose passions contained women and also words. He prove his devotion come the latter by translate in the Dizionario dei sinonimi, one encyclopedic narrative thesaurus of Italian synonyms, released in 1864, and unmatched in any kind of other language and literature. Italian alone, the contended—and in details the Tuscan dialect that shame the language—captures sfumature (nuances), the very same word Italian supplies for the subtle brush strokes the artists like Leonardo da Vinci.

In Italian, because that instance, a donna can additionally be a:

*donna allegra or donna di facili costumi -- a woman of easy virtue

*donna di casa -- housewife (also referred to as a casalinga)

*donna di mondo -- worldly, sophisticated woman

*donna di servizio –-housemaid, domestic help

*prima donna -- top lady

*donnina -- clever or wise girl

*donnino -- womanly or tires girl that takes top top adult responsibilities despite her young age

*donnetta -- typical or simple woman, likewise an old maid or a mrs of no value

*donnaccia -- bad-tempered woman, tart, prostitute

*donnone -- tall, imposing or huge woman

*donnicciola -- basic or stupid woman. Gossip, or if supplied for a man, sissy or coward

A donnaiolo, however, is no lady, however a ladies’ guy or womanizer.

Tommaseo more distinguished between una donna cattiva and also una cattiva donna. (English speakers would interpret both together a poor woman.) However, the phrases perform not have actually the same an interpretation in Italian. Una cattiva donna dresses badly and also presents it s her poorly, when una donna cattiva is spiteful and also full of malice. Either can be una cattiva moglie (bad wife), that isn’t good at to run a household and caring because that a family, or una moglie cattiva, v a typical or angry spirit.

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Words and also Expressions:

Fare la primadonna -- to act prefer a prima donna

Chi dice donna dice danno disse Dante -- Who says woman states damage, said Dante (women room synonymous v harm)

Quel che donna vuole Dio lo vuole -- What mrs wants, God wants

Né donna, né tela a lume di candela -- select neither a woman nor linen by candlelight (to stop a nasty surprise the next morning)

Dianne Hales is the writer of MONA LISA: A Life uncovered and LA BELLA LINGUA: my Love Affair v Italian, the World's most Romantic Language.

 


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