Geography had an enormous affect on the old Greek civilization. It brought about the advancement of individual communities, rather than one country. In fact, go not end up being a country until in modern times (in the 1800s.) hundreds of years ago, the geography of old was divided into three regions - the coastline, the lowlands, and also the mountains.

The Coastline: Saltwater and also Harbors: old was comprised of hundreds of city-states, grouped with each other at the southern finish of a very big peninsula the jutted out right into the Mediterranean Sea. (A peninsula is a item of land surrounded by water on three sides.) smaller sized peninsulas stuck out from the main Greek peninsula, creating a great deal of natural coastline and also many organic harbors. There were hundreds of little islands adjacent in the Ionian and also Aegean Seas. The world of ancient took advantage of every this saltwater and also coastline and became outstanding fishermen and sailors. There was part farmland because that crops, however the Greeks could constantly count ~ above seafood and waterfowl come eat. Rivers might not be counted on because that transportation due to the fact that the rivers dried up in the summer and also overflowed in the winter. Transportation and also food relied very heavily top top the sea.


The Lowlands: Rocky and Uneven Soil, Climate and Farming: Summers to be hot and also dry, and also winter to be mild and windy. Only around 20% the the floor on the Greek peninsula might be farmed. The ancient Greek farmers grew plants that would make it through in this atmosphere - wheat, barley, olives, and grapes. The many hills and also mountains listed shrubs to feed herds that cattle and sheep. The early Greeks additionally depended greatly upon trade and also imports with various other regions roughly the Mediterranean. That's one reason the early Greeks make the efforts to collection up swarms in phibìc Africa and in Asia. They want to manage the income of grains and also other foods.

The Mountains: many Mountains and also Fresh Water: The old Greeks essential a source of fresh water to resolve down. has actually lots the mountains. They room not large mountains favor the Alps. Yet they are huge enough to carry out two important things - a source of fresh water, running under the hills in creeks and also streams, and also a system of organic defense barriers. The mountains made land take trip very complicated and contributed to the formation of live independence city-states. Not many roads to be built, since they would have to avoid the mountains and also follow the long, meandering coastline.

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Besides, connect to what? each city-state in ancient was its own unit, with its very own government and also its own way of law things.