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h, eighth letter of the alphabet. It coincides to Semitic cheth and also Greek eta (Η). It may derive from very early symbol for fence. In the early on Greek alphabets a type with three horizontal bars and the simpler form H to be both commonly distributed. In Etruscan the prevailing form was similar to the at an early stage Greek form, and the exact same or a similar kind occurs in very early Latin inscriptions, however the type H came into basic use in Latin, either from the Chalcidic Greek alphabet of Cumae or native some various other source. The modern majuscule H is derived directly native the Latin. The cursive Latin type resembled a stylized variation of the modern-day minuscule h, as did the uncial form. Both of this forms an outcome from writing the letter without taking the pen from the paper, the right-hand vertical bar being therefore foreshortened and also the horizontal punch rounded. Indigenous these came the Carolingian form as well as the modern-day minuscule h.
In the alphabets provided to create the east Ionic dialect of Greek the letter came to be superfluous as a an outcome of the loss of the aspirate which it stood for in that dialect. That was appropriately put to a brand-new use to show the open long e which had emerged through change of the primitive Greek long a. In a few inscriptions native Thera, Naxos, and several various other localities the letter was provided with syllabic value; the is, it included he, thus showing its old consonantal and also its new vocalic worth at the exact same time. Eventually, as a an outcome of the spread out of the Ionic alphabet, its use for the lengthy vowel e or η became general transparent Greece, when its consonantal worth as the aspirate h passed indigenous the western Greek alphabets into the Etruscan alphabets and also then into the Latin and other alphabets of ancient Italy. In the romance languages the sound has largely disappeared, yet the letter is still extensively used, partially with only etymological value, (e.g., French homme), partially with fancied etymological worth (e.g., French haut from Latin altus, through h v the affect of hoh, the Old High German native of the same meaning), partly with one-of-a-kind orthographical functions. For example, in Italian h is offered in combination with c or g to indicate the difficult sound prior to a front vowel (e.g., chi, ghetto).
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In English the initial h is pronounce in indigenous of Germanic origin (e.g., hunt, hook); in part words of romance origin, the h remains unpronounced (e.g., heir, honour), however in rather it has actually been revived (e.g., humble, humour). The early h regularly disappears in unaccented valuation (e.g., “What did that say?”). In chemistry H is the symbol for the element hydrogen.