Titanium

aspect 22 of regular table is Titanium through atomic number 22, atomic weight 47.867. Titanium, prize Ti, has a straightforward Hexagonal structure and also Silver color. Titanium is a change metal element. Know everything around Titanium Facts, physics Properties, chemistry Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.


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Titanium is a chemical element with prize Ti and also atomic number 22. That is a lustrous transition metal with a silver color, short density and also high strength. That is highly resistant to corrosion in sea water, aqua regia and chlorine.

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Titanium Facts

Read an essential information and facts about element Titanium

name Titanium
atomic Number 22
atomic Symbol Ti
Atomic load 47.867
step Solid
shade Silver
Classification transition metal
group in periodic Table 4
Group Name titanium family members
period in routine Table 4
Block in periodic Table d-block
Electronic Configuration 3d2 4s2
Melting suggest 1668 °C
Boiling suggest 3287 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 8, 10, 2>
CAS Number CAS7440-32-6

community
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

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How to situate Titanium on regular Table

Periodic table is arranged by atom number, number of protons in the nucleus which is very same as variety of electrons. The atomic number rises from left to right. Periodic table beginning at height left ( atomic number 1) and ends at bottom appropriate (atomic number 118). As such you can directly look because that atomic number 22 to uncover Titanium on periodic table.

Another method to read routine table and locate an element is by using team number (column) and duration number (row). To situate Titanium on routine table look because that cross ar of group 4 and period 4 in the modern-day periodic table.

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Table that Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbital Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Databases
Compare Titanium with other elements

Titanium History

The facet Titanium was found by wilhelm Gregor in year 1791 in united kingdom . Titanium derived its surname from Titans, the boy of the earth goddess that Greek mythology

Titanium Presence: variety in Nature and also Around Us

The table listed below shows the variety of Titanium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
variety in world 3e-06
diversity in sunlight 4e-06
abundance in Meteorites 0.00054
Abundance in Earth"s crust 0.0066
abundance in oceans 1×10-7%
abundance in people N/A

Crystal framework of Titanium

The solid state framework of Titanium is Simple Hexagonal.

The decision structure can be explained in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats itself in 3 dimensional space to kind the structure.

Unit cabinet Parameters

The unit cell is stood for in terms of its lattice parameters, which room the lengths that the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
295.08 295.08 468.55 pm

and the angles in between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 2 π/3

The positions of the atoms within the unit cell are explained by the set of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured from a recommendation lattice point.

The symmetry properties of the decision are described by the ide of an are groups. All possible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional an are are described by the 230 space groups (219 unique types, or 230 if chiral copies are taken into consideration distinct.

room Group surname P63/mmc
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room Group Number 194
Crystal framework Simple Hexagonal

Titanium Atomic and Orbital Properties

Titanium atoms have actually 22 electrons and the electronic shell framework is <2, 8, 10, 2> v Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3F2.


atomic Number 22
Number of electrons (with no charge) 22
Number that Protons 22
Mass Number 48
Number the Neutrons 26
Shell structure (Electrons per power level) <2, 8, 10, 2>
Electron construction 3d2 4s2
Valence Electrons 3d2 4s2
Oxidation State -2;-1 1;2;3;4
Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3F2

Shell framework of Titanium - electron per energy level


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Ground State electronic Configuration the Titanium - neutral Titanium atom

The soil state electronic configuration the Neutral Titanium atom is 3d2 4s2. The section of Titanium configuration the is identical to the noble gas of the preceding period, is abbreviated together . For atoms with many electrons, this notation can become prolonged and so an abbreviation notation is used.This is important as it is the Valence electron 3d2 4s2, electrons in the outermost covering that determine the chemistry properties the the element.

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Unabbreviated digital configuration that neutral Titanium

Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Titanium atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d2 4s2

Atomic framework of Titanium

Titanium atomic radius is 176 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 136 pm.

atom Radius

176 afternoon (1.76 Å)

Atomic Volume 10.620590193 cm3
Covalent Radius 136 pm (1.36 Å)
van der Waals Radius N/A
spirit Cross section 6.1 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum that Titanium

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Titanium chemistry Properties: Titanium Ionization Energies and also electron affinity

The electron affinity that Titanium is 7.6 kJ/mol

Valence 4
Electronegativity 1.54
ElectronAffinity 7.6 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of Titanium

Refer come table listed below for Ionization energies that Titanium

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 658.8
2 1309.8
3 2652.5
4 4174.6
5 9581
6 11533
7 13590
8 16440
9 18530
10 20833
11 25575
12 28125
13 76015
14 83280
15 90880
16 1.007×105
17 1.091×105
18 1.178×105
19 1.299×105
20 137530
21 602930

Titanium physics Properties

Refer to below table for Titanium physical Properties

density 4.507 g/cm3
Molar Volume 10.620590193 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 116 GPa
Shear Modulus 44 GPa
mass Modulus 110 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.32

Hardness that Titanium - exam to measure of Hardness of Element

Mohs Hardness 6 MPa
Vickers Hardness 970 MPa
Brinell Hardness 716 MPa

Titanium electric Properties

Titanium is Conductor of electricity. Describe table listed below for the electrical properties of Titanium

electric Conductivity 2.5×106 S/m
Resistivity 4×10-7 m Ω
Superconducting allude 0.4

Titanium Heat and Conduction Properties

thermal Conductivity 22 W/(m K)
Thermal development 8.6×10-6 K-1

Titanium Magnetic Properties

Magnetic kind Paramagnetic
Curie point N/A
mass Magnetic Susceptibility 4.01×10-8
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility 1.919×10-9
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility 0.0001807

Optical nature of Titanium

Refractive index N/A

Acoustic nature of Titanium

speed of Sound 4140 m/s

Titanium heat Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Refer come table below for thermal properties that Titanium

Melting allude 1941 K (1668 °C)
Boiling suggest 3560 K (3287 °C)
an essential Temperature N/A
Superconducting point 0.4

Enthalpies of Titanium

warm of blend 18.7 kJ/mol
warm of Vaporization 425 kJ/mol
heat of burning N/A

Titanium isotopes - atom Properties the Titanium

Isotopes the rhodium. Naturally emerging Titanium has 5 secure isotope - 46Ti, 47Ti, 48Ti, 49Ti, 50Ti.


Isotope Isotope massive % abundance T fifty percent Decay mode
38Ti
39Ti
40Ti
41Ti
42Ti
43Ti
44Ti
45Ti
46Ti 8.25% steady N/A
47Ti 7.44% stable N/A
48Ti 73.72% stable N/A
49Ti 5.41% secure N/A
50Ti 5.18% steady N/A
51Ti
52Ti
53Ti
54Ti
55Ti
56Ti
57Ti
58Ti
59Ti
60Ti
61Ti
62Ti
63Ti

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7440-32-6
RTECS Number N/A
dot Hazard course 4.2
period Numbers 2546
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 1
NFPA risks N/A
NFPA health Rating 1
NFPA Reactivity Rating 2
Autoignition allude 250 °C
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

perform of distinctive identifiers to search the aspect in miscellaneous chemical it is registered databases

Database i would number
CAS Number - chemical Abstracts business (CAS) CAS7440-32-6
CID Number CID23963
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number N/A

Compare Titanium v all Group 4 elements

Titanium vs Zirconium Titanium vs Hafnium Titanium vs Rutherfordium

Compare Titanium through all transition metal elements

Titanium vs Scandium Titanium vs Vanadium Titanium vs Chromium Titanium vs Manganese Titanium vs iron Titanium vs Cobalt Titanium vs Nickel Titanium vs Copper Titanium vs Zinc Titanium vs Yttrium Titanium vs Zirconium Titanium vs Niobium Titanium vs Molybdenum Titanium vs Technetium Titanium vs Ruthenium Titanium vs Rhodium Titanium vs Palladium Titanium vs silver- Titanium vs Cadmium Titanium vs Hafnium Titanium vs Tantalum Titanium vs Tungsten Titanium vs Rhenium Titanium vs Osmium Titanium vs Iridium Titanium vs Platinum Titanium vs yellow Titanium vs Mercury Titanium vs Rutherfordium Titanium vs Dubnium Titanium vs Seaborgium Titanium vs Bohrium Titanium vs Hassium Titanium vs Meitnerium Titanium vs Darmstadtium Titanium vs Roentgenium Titanium vs Copernicium