Written thousands of centuries ago, The Odyssey is perhaps the earliest item of western literature in existence. In order to set a trend and also to indicate the audience, the writer; Homer, uses a variety of literature techniques, consisting of metaphors, imagery, lengthy winded speeches and also trials and tests of miscellaneous characters. However the many effective an equipment used by Homer is without doubt the simile. In ~ the start of book 5, Homer to compare the journey of Hermes; the messenger of the Gods, to a “shearwater/who along the fatal deep methods of the barren salt sea/goes searching fish and also sprays quick-beating wings in the salt brine”.

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In this simile, Hermes is compared to a shearwater, and the searching of fish is a reference to the news he will deliver to Kalypso. The truth that the fish have no regulate over their destiny operation in parallel through the destiny that Kalypso, that is forced to hand over the male she loves due to the will certainly of the Olympians, no her own.


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This would have helped the Greek audiences recognize the fate the Kalypso, by comparing it come a typical image many of the Greeks would have witnessed.

Homer likewise uses a simile to portray the fate that Odysseus’ raft. Odysseus has to endure Poseidon’s anger together he tosses his raft “about the current now here, now there;/as the phibìc Wind in autumn tumbles and also tosses thistledown along the plain, and also the bunches hold quick one ~ above another,/so the winds tossed she on the great sea , now here, now there/and now it would certainly be southern Wind that press her between/them,/and then again east Wind and also West would burst in and follow”.


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The fact that a wind is doing this add to a herbal edge to proceedings, which is further intensified when one considers that a super organic entity, such as Poseidon, is the purveyor of such doom. The weakness of the “thistledown” compare well v the weakness of Odysseus’ handmade raft and the repetition of the word “wind” reinforces the recurring beatings the raft is suffering. This is likewise further enhanced by the fact that both words start with ‘w’.

Another amazing simile that Homer offers is his comparison of Odysseus relief in ~ being saved to “the show of life again in a father/is to his children, as soon as he has lain sick, suffering strong pain, /and wasting lengthy away, and the hateful death spirit has brushed him, /but then, and it is welcome, the gods set him totally free of his sickness, /so welcome appeared land and forest because that Odysseus” The role of the dad is indicative the the help offered come Odysseus by Athena and also the prolonged description the pain operation in parallel v the length of time the Odysseus has spent far from his family.

However, the cite of ‘land and also forest’ is maybe a hint that salvation might not it is in too much off because that Odysseus. Homer additionally uses a simile to indicate Odysseus’ comes to shore, i m sorry is contrasted to once a “man buries a burning log in a black ash heap/in a remote place of the country, wherein none live close to as neighbors, / and saves the seeds of fire, having actually no other location to get a light/from”.

The references to fire to mark Odysseus farming rage in ~ the situation and his loneliness is emphasized the referral to “none” living close to as neighbors. This, an unified with the absence of irradiate helps to paint a dark picture and provide a deep understanding into the mental of Odysseus. Homer also uses a simile to glorify the beauty beauty of Nausikaa, and to comparison her beauty beauty to the of her handmaidens.

He compares her to Artemis, “who showers arrows, move on the mountains/either along Taygetos or on high-towering/Erymanthos, delighting in boars and deer in your running,/and together with her the nymphs, daughters of Zeus that the aegis, variety in the wilds and also play, and the love of Leto is gladdened,/ because that the head and the brows the Artemis are over all the others,/ and also she is easily significant among them, though all room lovely,/ therefore this one shone amongst her handmaidens, a virgin unwedded”.

The usage of high peaked mountains is indicative of the beauty, beauty of Nausikaa in comparison come the handmaidens, and her suitors are compared to “boars and also deer” in your running, so are happy just to view her. However, the handmaidens “are every lovely” too, mirroring us the Nausikaa is without doubt aesthetically outstanding. The introduction of Odysseus native the thicket is likened to a “hill-kept lion, /who advances, despite he is rained on and also blown by the wind, and also both/eyes/kindle; that goes out after livestock or sheep, or it might be/deer in the wilderness, and also his ship is urgent upon him’ to gain inside of a nearby steading and go for lamb flocks”.

This simile once again highlights Odysseus’ loneliness, and the girls are displayed as “cattle or sheep”. However, the simile seems to present Odysseus unfavorably, and is indicative the his state that mind regarding strange areas after his experience on Ogygia. Odysseus is glorified through Athena, as Homer defines his appearance as seemingly taller, “and ~ above his head she arranged curling locks that hung down choose hyacinthine petals.

/And as as soon as a grasp craftsman overlays gold on silver, / and he is one who was believed by Hephaistos and also Pallas Athene/in art complete, and grace is top top every work-related he finishes, /so Athene gilded with grace his head and his shoulders, / and he go a tiny aside and sat by self on the seashore,/radiant in grace and good looks”. Odysseus is contrasted to a item of fine art, which has actually been overlaid through “gold top top silver”, and this is perhaps likewise indicative of his brand-new found confidence and determination, as well as his physical attributes.

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However, there room no together similes present in publication 7. This may be because of the fact that Homer does not wish to define the next site or characters in any good detail, due to the fact that they might not have actually any great bearing come the remainder the the play. Also, Homer might feel that a lack of similes may provide the leader a possibility to usage their very own imagination and also draw their own interpretations.