Edgar Allan Poe to be a writer and also critic famous for his dark, mysterious poems and also stories, including ‘The Raven,’ ‘The black color Cat’ and also ‘The Tell-Tale Heart.’

Who to be Edgar Allan Poe?

Edgar Allan Poe was an American writer, poet, critic and editor finest known because that evocative brief stories and also poems that captured the imagination and interest the readers around the world. His imaginative storytelling and also tales of mystery and horror provided birth to the modern-day detective story. 

Many that Poe’s works, consisting of “The Tell-Tale Heart” and “The fall of the home of Usher,” ended up being literary classics. Some elements of Poe’s life, like his literature, is shrouded in mystery, and also the lines between fact and fiction have actually been blurred substantially because his death.

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Early Life and also Family

Poe to be born ~ above January 19, 1809, in Boston, Massachusetts.

Poe never ever really knew his parents — Elizabeth Arnold Poe, a british actress, and also David Poe, Jr., one actor who was born in Baltimore. His father left the family early in Poe's life, and also his mother passed away from tuberculosis once he was just three.


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Separated indigenous his brother William and sister Rosalie, Poe saw live with John and also Frances Allan, a successful tobacco merchant and his wife, in Richmond, Virginia. Edgar and also Frances seemed to form a bond, yet he had a more difficult relationship with John Allan. 


By the age of 13, Poe was a prolific poet, but his literature talents to be discouraged through his headmaster and also John Allan, who preferred that Poe monitor him in the household business. To like poetry end profits, Poe supposedly wrote poems top top the back of some of Allan's organization papers.

Money was additionally an issue between Poe and also John Allan. Poe saw the university of Virginia in 1826, whereby he excelled in his classes. However, he didn't receive sufficient funds from Allan come cover all of his costs. Poe turned come gambling come cover the difference, yet ended up in debt. 

He returned house only to confront another personal setback — his neighbor and also fiancée sarah Elmira Royster had end up being engaged to someone else. Heartbroken and frustrated, Poe relocated to Boston.

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Army and also West Point

In 1827, about the time he published his first book, Poe join the U.S. Army. 2 years later, he learned that Frances Allan was dying of tuberculosis, but by the time he went back to Richmond she had already passed away.


While in Virginia, Poe and Allan briefly made peace with each other, and also Allan helped Poe acquire an meeting to the united States military Academy in ~ West Point. Poe excelled at his research studies at West Point, yet he to be kicked the end after a year because that his negative handling the his duties. 


During his time in ~ West Point, Poe had dealt with with his foster father, who had remarried without telling him. Some have speculated the Poe purposely sought to be expelled to spite Allan, who eventually cut ties through Poe.

Editor, Critic, Poet and Writer

After leaving West Point, Poe published his third book and focused on writing full-time. The traveled around in search of opportunity, life in brand-new York City, Baltimore, Philadelphia and also Richmond. In 1834, man Allan died, leaving Poe the end of his will, however providing because that an illegitimate child Allan had never met.

Poe, who continued to struggle living in poverty, obtained a break as soon as one the his quick stories won a challenge in the Baltimore Saturday Visiter. He began to publish more short stories and in 1835 landing an editorial place with the Southern literary Messenger in Richmond. 

Poe developed a reputation as a cut-throat critic, writing vicious evaluate of his contemporaries. His scathing critiques earned him the nickname the "Tomahawk Man." 

His tenure in ~ the magazine verified short. Poe's aggressive-reviewing style and sometimes combative personality strained his connection with the publication, and also he left the magazine in 1837. His problems with alcohol also played a duty in his departure, follow to some reports.