Literary Allusions: Throughout his narrative, Holden Caulfield ad to plenty of famous works of literature.

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The an initial sentence of The Catcher in the Rye alludes come Charles Dickens’s 1850 novel David Copperfield. As Holden introduce himself, that forgoes stating his childhood or family, calling the “all the David Copperfield type of crap.” This allusion describes the detailed and also descriptive background provided by the protagonist the David Copperfield, which is seen in standard bildungsromane.The novel alludes to Robert Burns’s 1782 poem “Comin’ Thro’ the Rye,” an adaptation the a Scottish people song. Robert Burn’s adaptation is commonly popular, and is directly mentioned in Catcher in the Rye by Holden’s sister Phoebe. “Comin’ Thro’ the Rye” very first appears in the novel as soon as Holden overhears a young son singing the song, return the son misquotes it: “If a body capture a human body coming with the rye.” Burn’s version offers the verbs “kiss” or “meet” together opposed to “catch.” The song inspires Holden’s fantasy of being a “catcher in the rye”: he imagines himself catching children who run v the rye prior to they autumn off a cliff. This fantasy straight reflects one of the novel’s main themes: the conservation of innocence. The irony is that, unbeknownst to Holden, “Comin’ Thro’ the Rye” in reality centers around sexual topic matter. His ignorance of this fact is further proof of his innocence.At one allude of the novel, Holden claims that his favourite authors are his brother D.B. And Ring Lardner. Ring Lardner (1885–1933) is an American journalist and short-story writer who J. D. Salinger admired. The alignment of Holden’s tastes with Salinger’s points come the semiautobiographical nature that The Catcher in the Rye, which Salinger admitted to be loosely based upon his own childhood.After returning from business in people War II, D.B. Request Holden to review Ernest Hemingway’s A Farewell come Arms, i beg your pardon Holden dislikes. Holden wonders exactly how D.B. Can enjoy F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The an excellent Gatsby while likewise liking A Farewell to Arms. These authors—Ernest Hemingway and F. Scott Fitzgerald—were 2 of Salinger’s vital influences. Salinger was an especially inspired by F. Scott Fitzgerald and saw himself following in Fitzgerald’s literature footsteps. Ernest Hemingway and his functions were an ideas for Salinger together well. In 1944, Salinger met Hemingway, and also the two maintained up a correspondence and also friendship. Also with Salinger’s jab at Hemingway’s writing layout in The Catcher in the Rye, Hemingway remained on friendly terms v Salinger and kept a copy the Catcher transparent his life.

Biblical Allusions: In chapter 14, Holden complains around the Disciples—the pendant of Jesus, especially the twelve Apostles—and claims that the prefers the “lunatic… that resided in the tombs and also kept cut himself v stones.” This is one allusion to the own man referred to as “Legion” in Mark 5:5: “And always, night and also day, he was in the mountains, and also in the tombs, crying, and also cutting himself through stones.” Holden’s choice for the individual outcast over the communal establishment directly reflects his personality and also values.

Allusions come Popular culture and Events: The Catcher in the Rye was published in 1951, and also refers to the events and also popular society of the 1940s and early 1950s.

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While in ~ Pencey Prep, Holden pretends to be a tap dancer to lull his boredom. He jokes that it is the opened night of the Ziegfeld Follies, a series of Broadway productions the ran from 1907 come 1936. Holden describes the production with excessive sarcasm, as he open minded dislikes musicals. When purchase tickets for a present to attend through Sally Hayes to, Holden describes “the Lunts,” saying the Sally loves the Lunts. This is one allusion come Alfred Lunt (1892–1977) and Lynne Fontane (1887–1983), a successful husband-and-wife exhilaration team that performed together in several theatrical productions during the early- to mid-1900s. Holden bring away Sally to I understand My Love, a Broadway play directed by Alfred Lunt the ran indigenous 1949 to 1950 and also starred himself and his wife in top roles. At one point, Holden walk to check out a film on his own. That does not provide the name of the film, but he defines its plot in detail. The plot resembles that of the 1942 film Random Harvest, which is around an amnesiac battle veteran. After seeing the film, Holden reflects on “the war,” and how his brother D.B. Was in the army and also “landed on D-Day.” This is a referral to the invasion of Normany through allied pressures in 1944, the operation known as D-Day.

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