facet 14 of regular table is Silicon v atomic number 14, atomic load 28.0855. Silicon, price Si, has actually a Tetrahedral packing structure and Gray color. Silicon is a metalloid element. Trivial name of Silicon is tetrels, crystallogens. Know everything around Silicon Facts, physics Properties, chemical Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.
Silicon is a chemical element with prize Si and also atomic number 14. That is a tetravalent metalloid, much more reactive 보다 germanium, the metalloid directly below it in the table. Controversy about silicon"s character dates to that discovery.
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Read key information and also facts around element Silicon
|team in regular Table||14|
|Group Name||carbon family|
|period in periodic Table||3|
|Block in routine Table||p-block|
|Melting allude||1414 °C|
|Boiling suggest||2.9×103 °C|
|Electronic covering Structure||<2, 8, 4>|
How to find Silicon on routine Table
Periodic table is i ordered it by atom number, variety of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of electrons. The atom number rises from left come right. Routine table starts at height left ( atom number 1) and ends at bottom appropriate (atomic number 118). Because of this you can directly look for atomic number 14 to uncover Silicon on regular table.
Another way to read routine table and also locate an element is by using team number (column) and period number (row). To locate Silicon on routine table look because that cross section of team 14 and duration 3 in the contemporary periodic table.
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Table that Contents
Atomic & orbital Properties
Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Compare Silicon with other elements
The aspect Silicon was uncovered by Jöns Jacob Berzelius in year 1824 in Sweden . Silicon acquired its name from the Latin silex, "flint" (originally silicium)
Silicon Presence: abundance in Nature and also Around Us
The table below shows the abundance of Silicon in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.
|abundance in cosmos||0.0007|
|diversity in sun||0.0009|
|variety in Meteorites||0.14|
|Abundance in Earth"s late||0.27|
|diversity in seas||1e-06|
|variety in humans||0.00026|
Crystal structure of Silicon
The solid state structure of Silicon is Tetrahedral Packing.
The decision structure can be defined in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats itself in 3 dimensional an are to form the structure.
Unit cabinet Parameters
The unit cell is stood for in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths that the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and also gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cabinet are defined by the collection of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured from a referral lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the decision are described by the principle of an are groups. All possible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional an are are explained by the 230 space groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are thought about distinct.
|room Group surname||Fd_ 3m|| |
|room Group Number||227|
|Crystal structure||Tetrahedral Packing|
Silicon Atomic and Orbital Properties
Silicon atoms have 14 electrons and the electronic shell structure is <2, 8, 4> through Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P0.
|Number of electrons (with no charge)||14|
|Number the Protons||14|
|Number the Neutrons||14|
|Shell structure (Electrons per power level)||<2, 8, 4>|
|Valence Electrons||3s2 3p2|
|Oxidation State||-4;-3;-2;-1 1;2;3;4|
|Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers)||3P0|
Shell structure of Silicon - electrons per energy level
Ground State digital Configuration the Silicon - neutral Silicon atomThe soil state digital configuration that Neutral Silicon atom is
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Unabbreviated electronic configuration that neutral Silicon
Complete floor state digital configuration for the Silicon atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p2
Atomic framework of Silicon
Silicon atom radius is 111 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 111 pm.
|atomic Radius|| |
111 pm (1.11 Å)
Silicon chemistry Properties: Silicon Ionization Energies and also electron affinity
The electron affinity the Silicon is 133.6 kJ/mol
Ionization energy of Silicon
Refer to table listed below for Ionization energies the Silicon
Silicon physics Properties
Refer to below table because that Silicon physics Properties
Silicon is Semiconductor the electricity. Refer to table listed below for the electric properties of Silicon
Silicon Heat and Conduction Properties
Silicon Magnetic Properties
Optical nature of Silicon
Acoustic nature of Silicon
Silicon thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics
Refer come table listed below for heat properties the Silicon
Enthalpies that Silicon
Silicon isotope - atom Properties of Silicon
Isotopes the rhodium. Naturally arising Silicon has actually 3 secure isotope - 28Si, 29Si, 30Si.
Regulatory and also Health - Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
list of distinctive identifiers to search the facet in miscellaneous chemical it is registered databases
Compare Silicon v all Group 14 elementsSilicon vs Carbon Silicon vs Germanium Silicon vs believe Silicon vs lead Silicon vs Flerovium
Compare Silicon with all metalloid elementsSilicon vs Boron Silicon vs Germanium Silicon vs Arsenic Silicon vs Antimony Silicon vs Tellurium Silicon vs Polonium