M.A., English Literature, California State university - SacramentoB.A., English, California State college - Sacramento

There is a Biblical reference in Revelations to the grapes the wrath that shows up to it is in the more quickly known resource or motivation for john Steinbeck"s renowned novel, The Grapes of Wrath.

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The i is sometimes referred to as "The Grape Harvest."


18 and also another angel came out native the altar, which had actually power over fire; and also cried v a according to cry to him that had the spicy sickle, saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the swarm of the vine of the earth; for she grapes are completely ripe.
19 and also the point of view thrust in his sickle right into the earth, and also gathered the vine that the earth, and cast it into the good wine push of the wrath the God.
20 and the winepress to be trodden there is no the city, and also blood come out of the wine press, also unto the equine bridles, by the an are of a thousand and six hundreds furlongs.

With this passages, us read about the last judgment the the evil (unbelievers), and also the complete destruction the the planet (think Apocalypse, finish of the world, and all the other dystopian scenarios). So, why walk Steinbeck attract from such violent, terrible imagery because that the title of his famed novel? Or, was that even in his mind once he determined the title?


Why Is it So Bleak?

With Grapes the Wrath, Steinbeck created a novel collection in the Depression-era Dust key of Oklahoma. Prefer the Biblical Job, the Joads had actually lost every little thing under disastrous and inexplicable scenarios (the Oklahoma Dust Bowl, wherein crops and also the topsoil literally go out away). Their human being had to be obliterated/destroyed.


Then, with their world torn apart, the Joads packed up all their worldly possessions (like Noah and also his family, in their notorious Ark: "Noah was standing on the ground looking up at the great load the them sit on height of the truck."), and were forced to set off on a cross-country trek to your Promised Land, California. Castle were searching for a soil of "milk and also honey," a ar where they might work hard and ultimately satisfy the American Dream. They were likewise following a dream (Grandpa Joad dreamed that he'd have actually as many grapes as he can eat when he got to California). They had an extremely little choice in the situation. They to be escaping indigenous their own very-certain damage (like Lot and also his family).

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The Biblical recommendations don't prevent with your journey toward the Promised soil either. The novel is infused v Biblical allusions and innuendo, despite Steinbeck frequently chooses to slant the imagery come fit his very own literary vision because that the novel. (For example: instead of the baby being the representative Moses who will lead the world to freedom and the Promised Land, the small rain-soaked human body heralds news the utter devastation, starvation, and also loss.)


Why does Steinbeck usage Biblical imagery to infuse his novel with symbolic meaning? In fact, the imagery is for this reason pervasive that some have dubbed the novel a "Biblical epic."


From Jim Casy's perspective, religion supplies no answers. However Casy is likewise a prophet and also Christ-like figure. The says: "You don't know what you're a doin'" (which, the course, reminds us of the Biblical heat (from Luke 23:34): "Father, forgive them; because that they recognize not what they do."


Lombardi, Esther. "The Biblical recommendation in The Grapes that Wrath." bsci-ch.org, Aug. 28, 2020, bsci-ch.org/the-grapes-of-wrath-biblical-reference-739936.Lombardi, Esther. (2020, respectable 28). The Biblical reference in The Grapes of Wrath. Retrieved native https://www.bsci-ch.org/the-grapes-of-wrath-biblical-reference-739936Lombardi, Esther. "The Biblical recommendation in The Grapes the Wrath." bsci-ch.org. Https://www.bsci-ch.org/the-grapes-of-wrath-biblical-reference-739936 (accessed November 10, 2021).