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You are watching: Begin to correct your steering as soon as you start to go into a skid.


Table of Contents

2. Driving Safely

A sboy happens whenever the tires shed their grip on the road. This is caused in among 4 ways:

Over-braking. Braking too difficult and locking up the wheels. Syoungsters additionally deserve to occur when making use of the rate retarder once the road is slippery.

Over-steering. Turning the wheels more sharply than the auto deserve to revolve.

Over-acceleration. Supplying also much power to the drive wheels, causing them to spin.

Driving Too Rapid. Many severe schildren outcome from driving too quick for road conditions. Drivers that adjust their driving to conditions do not over-accelerate and also don"t have to over-brake or over-steer from too much speed.

2.19.1 - Drive-wheel Skids


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Figure 2-19

By much the the majority of prevalent schild is one in which the rear wheels shed traction with too much braking or acceleration. Skids resulted in by acceleration typically occur on ice or scurrently. Taking your foot off the accelerator can easily speak them. (If it is extremely slippery, press the clutch in. Otherwise, the engine can store the wheels from rolling easily and regaining tractivity.)

Rear wheel braking syoungsters occur once the rear drive wheels lock. Due to the fact that locked wheels have actually less tractivity than rolling wheels, the rear wheels normally slide sidemethods in an attempt to "capture up" via the front wheels. In a bus or straight truck, the auto will certainly slide sidemeans in a "spin out." With vehicles towing trailers, a drive-wheel skid have the right to let the trailer push the towing car sidemeans, causing a sudden jackknife. See Figure 2.19.

2.19.2 - Correcting a Drive-wheel Braking Skid

Do the adhering to to correct a drive-wheel braking sboy.

Speak Braking. This will certainly let the rear wheels roll aobtain, and also keep the rear wheels from sliding any

Countersteer. As a auto turns ago on course, it has a propensity to save on turning. Unless you rotate the steering wheel conveniently the other method, you might uncover yourself skidding in the opposite direction.

Learning to remain off the brake, rotate the steering wheel quickly, push in the clutch, and also countersteer in a sson takes a lot of practice. The ideal area to get this practice is on a large driving variety or "schild pad."

2.19.3 - Front-wheel Skids

Driving too rapid for conditions reasons most front-wheel syoungsters. Other reasons incorporate lack of tread on the front tires and also cargo loaded so not enough weight is on the front axle. In a front-wheel skid, the front end has a tendency to go in a straight line regardless of how a lot you rotate the steering wheel. On an extremely slippery surface, you might not be able to steer around a curve or rotate.

When a front-wheel sboy occurs, the only means to stop the sboy is to let the vehicle slow dvery own. Stop turning and/or braking so tough. Slow dvery own as quickly as feasible without skidding.

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Subsections 2.17, 2.18, and 2.19Test Your Knowledge

Stopping is not always the safest thing to carry out in an emergency. True or False? What are some advantages of going appropriate rather of left around an obstacle? What is an "escape ramp?" If a tire blows out, you should put the brakes on hard to soptimal quickly. True or False? How do you understand if your automobile has actually antilock brakes? What is the appropriate braking method when driving a car via antilock brakes? How carry out antilock brakes help you?

These inquiries might be on the test. If you can"t answer them all, re-check out subsections 2.17, 2.18, and also 2.19.