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You are watching: Begin to correct your steering as soon as you start to go into a skid.

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2. Steering Safely

A skid happens whenever the tires shed their tight on the road. This is resulted in in one of 4 ways:

Over-braking. Braking too hard and locking increase the wheels. Skids also can occur when making use of the rate retarder as soon as the roadway is slippery.

Over-steering. turning the wheels more sharply 보다 the vehicle can turn.

Over-acceleration. providing too lot power to the drive wheels, leading to them come spin.

Driving as well Fast. Most serious skids an outcome from control too rapid for roadway conditions. Chauffeurs who adjust their control to conditions don"t over-accelerate and also don"t have to over-brake or over-steer from too much speed.

2.19.1 - Drive-wheel Skids

Figure 2-19

By far the most typical skid is one in i beg your pardon the rear wheels shed traction through too much braking or acceleration. Skids brought about by acceleration usually happen on ice or snow. Taking your foot turn off the accelerator can easily stop them. (If it is an extremely slippery, push the clutch in. Otherwise, the engine deserve to keep the wheels from rojo freely and regaining traction.)

Rear wheel braking skids occur when the rear drive wheel lock. Since locked wheels have actually less traction than rolling wheels, the rear wheels generally slide party in an effort to "catch up" through the prior wheels. In a bus or straight truck, the vehicle will slide sideways in a "spin out." through vehicles towing trailers, a drive-wheel skid deserve to let the trailer push the towing vehicle sideways, causing a sudden jackknife. See number 2.19.

2.19.2 - Correcting a Drive-wheel Braking Skid

Do the following to exactly a drive-wheel braking skid.

Stop Braking. This will certainly let the behind wheels roll again, and keep the rear wheels native sliding any kind of

Countersteer. as a vehicle turns ago on course, it has a propensity to save on turning. Unless you rotate the steering wheel quickly the various other way, girlfriend may discover yourself skidding in the contrary direction.

Learning to continue to be off the brake, rotate the steering wheel quickly, push in the clutch, and countersteer in a skid bring away a many practice. The ideal place to obtain this exercise is ~ above a big driving selection or "skid pad."

2.19.3 - Front-wheel Skids

Driving too rapid for conditions causes most front-wheel skids. Other reasons include absence of tread ~ above the front tires and also cargo invited so not enough weight is top top the former axle. In a front-wheel skid, the front finish tends to walk in a directly line nevertheless of exactly how much you rotate the steering wheel. Top top a an extremely slippery surface, you might not be able to steer about a curve or turn.

When a front-wheel skid occurs, the only way to avoid the skid is come let the automobile slow down. Stop transforming and/or braking therefore hard. Slow-moving down as conveniently as feasible without skidding.

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Subsections 2.17, 2.18, and 2.19Test your Knowledge

stopping is not constantly the safest thing to do in one emergency. True or False? What room some advantages of walk right instead of left approximately an obstacle? What is an "escape ramp?" If a tire blows out, you must put the brakes on difficult to stop quickly. True or False? exactly how do you know if your car has antilock brakes? What is the suitable braking technique when control a automobile with antilock brakes? how do antilock brakes aid you?

These questions might be top top the test. If you can"t answer castle all, re-read subsections 2.17, 2.18, and 2.19.