What is Barium nitrate?

Ba(NO3)2 is an not natural compound through chemical surname Barium nitrate. It is also called Barium dinitrate or Nitrobarite or Barium salt. It is a an excellent oxidizing agent, burns through a green coloured flame. The is widely offered in pyrotechnics.

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Nitrobarite is a crystalline hard white in colour. The is a non-combustible compound, but enhances the burning of flammability elements. Once exposed come fire or heat for a lengthy duration it may explode.

Properties the Barium nitrate – Ba(NO3)2


Ba(NO3)2Barium nitrate
Molecular load of Ba(NO3)2261.337 g/mol
Density of Barium nitrate3.24 g/dm3
Refractive index1.5659
Melting suggest of Barium nitrate592 °C

Barium nitrate structure – Ba(NO3)2

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Barium nitrate is used in the manufacturing of barium oxide containing materials.Used in eco-friendly signal lights.Used in making ceramic glazes.Used together a rodenticide.Used in detonators.Used in primers and tracer bullets.Used in the make of paints.Used as an oxidizing agent.Used in make explosives.Used together a propellent and blowing agent.

Production the Barium nitrate

Barium dinitrate is developed by two processes that begin with the resource component for barium viz carbonate.

Method 1:

Dissolve barium carbonate (BaCO3) in nitric acid (HNO3)Allow the precipitation of steel impuritiesSeparate the impurities through filtrationEvaporationCrystallization.

Method 2:

It is derived by combine barium sulfide (BaS) with nitric mountain (HNO3). At greater temperatures, barium nitrate (Ba(NO3)2) decomposes to barium oxide (BaO):

2Ba(NO3)2 → 2BaO + 4NO2 + O2

Health hazards

Inhaling or contact of Nitrobarite through skin or eyes can reason irritation. Swallowing results in extreme salivation, colic, convulsive tremors, elevated blood pressure, vomiting, diarrhea, and hard pulse. That may likewise lead to hemorrhages in the intestines, kidneys, and also stomach. Also, muscular paralysis may occur.

Frequently asked Questions

What room the offers of barium nitrate?

Barium nitrate is used in the manufacture of substances containing barium oxide. This compound is additionally used in the barium oxide manufacturing process, in the vacuum pipe industry and in pyrotechnics for environment-friendly fire. Barium nitrate has additionally been a crucial ingredient in the explosive fee “SR 365”.

What happens once barium nitrate is heated?

When burned, barium nitrate emits a environment-friendly flame. That decomposes come barium oxide, oxygen, and also nitrogen dioxide once heated. This converts barium nitrite right into nitric oxide. To produce barium sulfate the combines through either sulfate or sulfuric acid.

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Learn much more about the Structure, physical and also chemical properties of Ba(NO3)2 native the professionals at BYJU’S.