Basics of taxonomy and binomial nomenclature. Based on Biology: Principals & Explorations chapters 15 and 20. Zoology students can try this one, but it may be harder.

prokaryote
AB
a single cell organism lacking a nucleus and membrane bound organelles and has a cell wall
eukaryoteorganism that have a true nucleus and membrane bound organelles
eubacteriaone of two kingdoms of prokaryotes with peptidoglycan in their cell wall
archaebacteriaone of tow kingdoms of prokaryotes with no peptidoglycan in their cell wall
peptidoglycana molecules made of carbohydrate strands cross-linked by short peptide bridges
protistamicroscopic eukaryotes, most are unicellular, some are multicellular, autotrophic and heterotrophic, most live in moist environments
fungieukaryotes, cell wall contains chitin, unicellular and multicellular, heterotrophic by absorption, rooted in place
plantaeeukaryotes, has cell wall, multicellular, autotrophic by photosynthesis, rooted in place
Animaliaeukaryotes, no cell wall, multicellular, heterotrophic, mobile
kingdomtaxonomic category that contains phyla with similar characteristics
phyluma taxonomic category containing classes with similar characteristics
phylaplural of phylum, more than one phylum
classtaxonomic category containing orders with common characteristics
ordertaxonomic category consisting of families with similar characteristics
familytaxonomic category containing genera (genus) with similar characteristics
genustaxonomic category containing similar species
speciesgroup of organisms with very similar characteristics and are capable of producing fertile offspring
colonial organismcollection of cells that are permanently associated but in which little or no integration of cell activities occurs
aggregationa temporary collection of cells that comes together for a period of time and then separates
multicellularorganism made of more than one cell
unicellularsingle cell organism
hyphaslender filament that is part of the body of a multicellular fungus
septumin fungi, a wall like division between cells within a hypha
amoebaa protist that use a pseudopodia to move
euglenaa protist that uses a flagella to move and has chlorophyll for photosynthesis, autotrophic and heterotrophic
parameciuma protist covered with cilia, heterotrophic
diatomsprotist with double shell made of silica, photosynthetic
algaephotosynthetic protists found in marine and freshwater environments
slime molda fungus like protist that can aggregate in times of stress, found in fresh water and damp soil
Sporozoansnonmotile unicellular protists that can from spores, many responsible for disease such as malaria
Zygomycetesa fungi that form sexual structures called zygosporangia, example bread mold
basidiomycetesa fungi that forms a sexual reproductive structure called a mushroom
ascomycetesa fungi that forms sexual spores in sac like structures called asci
tissuegroup of cells with common structure and function
organgroup of tissues that work together to perform a particular function
organ systemgroup of organs that function together to carry out a major activity of the body
invertebrateanimals that do not have a backbone
vertebrateanimal that has a backbone
bryophytesnonvascular plants without roots, stems, nor leaves, example moss
nonvascularplants that do not have a vascular system of roots, stems, nor leaves to transport water and minerals
vascularplants that do have a vascular system of roots, stems and leaves for the transport of water and minerals
seedless vascular plantshave a primitive vascular system and reproduce with spores, example ferns
gymnospermsnonflowering vascular plants that produce exposed seeds usually in cones, example pine trees and gingko trees
angiospermsflowering vascular plants
spongeonly animals that do not have tissue, but they do have specialized cells, very porous
cnidariansmostly marine animals that include jellyfish, sea anemones, and coral
mollusksanimals with hard external shells and a sac like coelom that encloses internal organs, examples are snails, oysters, clams, octopuses and squid
wormsa variety of invertebrate animals with cylinder shaped bodies
arthropodsmost diverse group of animals with external skeletons and jointed appendages, example insect
echinodermsincludes sea stars, sea urchins, and sand dollars
cladogramdiagram based on patterns of shared, derived traits that shows the evolutionary relationships among groups of organisms
taxonomythe science of naming and classifying organisms
binomial nomenclaturea system for giving each organism a two word scientific name that consists of the genus followed by the species
AristotleGreek philosopher who grouped plants and animals according to their structural similarities
Carolus Linnaeusdeveloped the two word naming system
scientific namethe two word name for an organism that in universal
common namethe name for an organism that depends on the language used
Homo sapienshumans
phylogenyevolutionary history of a species
cladisticsphylogenetic method in which relationships are inferred based on presence of derived traits
evolutionary systematicsmethod of constructing phylogenies that involves weighing characters by their presumed evolutionary significance
differentiationprocess in which the cells of a multicellular individual become specialized during development
heterotrophican organism that can not make its own food and must consume other organisms
autotrophicability to make ones own food through chemosynthesis or photosynthesis
chitintough carbohydrate found in many fungi and in the exoskeleton of all arthropods
cell wallthe structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provides support for the cell
derived traitsunique characteristic of a particular group of organisms
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