Land Features

Continent - Large constant area of floor on the earths surface generally surrounded by water.

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Island - human body of land smaller than a continent the is surrounding by water. (Greenland is the biggest island).

Isthmus - Narrow ar of floor connecting two bigger land areas, surrounded on two sides through water.

Peninsula - extension of land surrounded on three sides through water.

Mountain Range - continuous chain or series of mountains.

Plain - Large, low, flat an ar of land.

Plateau - big area the is high and reasonably flat.

Butte - isolated hill v steep sides, smaller sized than a plateau. Commonly found in the southwestern joined States.

Mesa - comparable to a plateau, however smaller in size: flat on top, cliffs top top the sides.

Valley - low area of soil lying between hills that mountains.

Ice Cap - big area of ice several thousand feet thick extending either floor or water.

Water Features

Ocean - huge body that salt water normally bounded by continental land masses.

Sea - body of water smaller sized than an s lying in ~ a continent or island group.

Gulf - big area of water partially surrounded by land.

Channel - narrow body the water lying between two areas of land.

Bay - small area that water surrounded by land on three sides and penetrating into the land.

Lake - smaller body of new water surrounded by land.

Strait - comparable to channel.

Submarine Features

Basin - large circular depression ~ above the ocean floor, usually 10,000 come 20,000 feet listed below sea level.

Ridge - Submerged hill chain. The biggest are the mid s ridges which join together to form a function 40,000 mile long.

Rift - Sometimes uncovered on the comb of a Ridge.

Rise - A huge elongated elevation lake a ridge however having much less steep slopes.

Trench - Long and also narrow V-shaped depressions often uncovered near a contnent or ~ above the external of island arcs.

Fracture Zone - area of rarely often rare topography countless miles long and around 100 miles wide, i m sorry separate large regions of the ocean floor having different depths or types of topography.

Continental Shelf - Shallow maritime terrace bordering the continents. The shelf deepens slowly to a depth the 600 feet about 50 miles from shore where a sudden increase in slope angle marks the peak of the continent Slope.

Continental Slope - steep from the outer edge of the continental Shelf come the s basin.

Submarine Canyon - Steep-sided gorge reduced into the continental Slope and Shelf assumed to be cut by underwater flows of sediment referred to as Turbidity Currents.

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Seamount - Submerged mountain, typically of volcanic origin, having actually at least 500 fathoms (3000 feet) that relief. Part seamounts, referred to as guyots, have level tops. They are submerged volcanic archipelago which had actually their tops smoothed by surf and erosion while castle were over the surface.